Combination therapy with low-dose metolazone and furosemide: a “needleless” approach in managing refractory fluid overload in elderly renal failure patients ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

Hon Wai Benjamin Cheng, Mau-Kwong Sham, Kwok-Ying Chan, Cho-Wing Li, Ho-Yan Au, Terence Yip

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: End-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients under palliative care could live for months or even years after deciding not to start dialysis. They could experience significant symptom burden with recurrent fluid overload due to poor renal reserve. This could imply repeated hospital admissions for parenteral diuretics, which may destabilize their community support and limit their precious time spent with family. Diuretic therapy remains the cornerstone of managing fluid overload, but when per-oral administration become ineffective, parenteral diuretics may cause extra discomfort with potential infective complications. Metolazone, since its introduction in 1970s, has been proven effective in managing refractory heart failure, but whether its potential effect could be applied in ESRF patients not receiving dialysis is awaited to be proven. METHOD: In our case series, we recruited elderly renal failure patients under palliative care with refractory fluid overload resistant to oral furosemide (120-160 mg daily dose), which was successfully managed after addition of low-dose metolazone (2.5-5 mg) for short duration (2-5 days). Reasoning behind not to initiate intravenous diuretics was discussed. RESULTS: All patients show good tolerance to combined diuretics without significant blood pressure fluctuation or electrolytes disturbance. Peripheral and pulmonary edema was clinically improved. Body weight reduction of 2.0-5.0 kg was achieved. CONCLUSION: Our case series support the use of above regimen as a potential alternative in ESRF patients under palliative care, without bearing the parenteral route of treatment burden. More... »

PAGES

1809-1813

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11255-014-0724-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-014-0724-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027201184

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24824145


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