High-density lipoprotein in uremic patients: metabolism, impairment, and therapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-01

AUTHORS

Georges Khoueiry, Mokhtar Abdallah, Faisal Saiful, Nidal Abi Rafeh, Muhammad Raza, Tariq Bhat, Suzanne El-Sayegh, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, James Lafferty

ABSTRACT

Several studies have shown that HDL has altered antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in chronic uremia, either by the reduction in its antioxidant enzymes or by the impairment of their activity. Systemic oxidative stress, which is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, has been shown to decrease antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of HDL and even transform it into a pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory agent. For this reason, we believe that the propensity for accelerated cardiovascular disease in CKD is facilitated by a few key features of this disease, namely, oxidative stress, inflammation, hypertension, and disorders of lipid metabolism. In a nutshell, oxidative stress and inflammation enhance atherosclerosis leading to increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in this population. In this detailed review, we highlight the current knowledge on HDL dysfunction and impairment in chronic kidney disease as well as the available therapy. More... »

PAGES

27-39

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11255-012-0366-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-012-0366-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017224138

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23443874


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