Molecular epidemiology of bovine anaplasmosis in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-05-08

AUTHORS

Shahid Hussain Farooqi, Muhammad Ijaz, Muhammad Imran Rashid, H. Nabi, S. Islam, Amjad Islam Aqib, Kashif Hussain, Amjad Khan, Syeda Nayab Batool Rizvi, Shakeel Mahmood, Khalid Mehmood, Hui Zhang

ABSTRACT

Bovine anaplasmosis is endemic in Pakistan where it reduces livestock productivity and leads to high mortality, especially in young animals. This study was aimed to identify the potential risk factors responsible for the occurrence and spread of anaplasmosis in cattle and buffaloes for the first time in Pakistan. A total of 900 (cattle = 479, buffalo = 421) blood samples were collected irrespective of age and sex from three distinct zones of Khyber Pakhtunkhhwa (KP) province of Pakistan. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was used for the molecular detection of anaplasmosis. Data collected on a piloted questionnaire including 11 predicting variables which were analyzed using R-statistical software, and association between the dependent and independent variables was assessed using univariable analysis. Automated and manual approaches were exercised, producing comparable models. Key risk factors identified in all the approaches included species of the animal, breed of animal, sex of animal, tick infestation status, previous tick history, tick control status, and acaricides used (odds ratio > 1). The 611 bp DNA fragment specific for 16S rRNA gene of Anaplasma spp. was produced from 165 samples. The samples were confirmed for anaplasmosis through sequencing and BLAST queries. The findings of the current study conclude that by enhancing the protective measures to control the identified risk factors can reduce the spread of anaplasmosis in Pakistan. More... »

PAGES

1591-1598

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11250-018-1599-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-1599-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103887980

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29740781


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