Clade 2.3.4.4 avian influenza A (H5N8) outbreak in commercial poultry, Iran, 2016: the first report and update data View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-07

AUTHORS

Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Arash GhalyanchiLangeroudi, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Reza KH Farahani, Hamed Abdollahi, Farshad Tehrani, Mohammad Hossein Fallah

ABSTRACT

In 2010, H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 lineage dramatically affected poultry and wild birds in Asia, Europe, and North America. In November 2016, HPAI H5N8 was detected in a commercial layer farm in Tehran province. The diagnosis was based on real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (RRT-PCR) and sequencing of haemaglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes from suspected samples. Genetic and phylogenetic analysis of the HA gene demonstrated that the Iranian HPAI H5N8 viruses belong to the HPAI H5 virus clade 2.3.4.4 and cluster within group B (Gochang-like). In particular, the highest similarity was found with the sequences of the HPAI H5N8 identified in Russia in 2016. To our knowledge, this clade has not been previously detected in Iran. Previous HPAI A (H5) epidemic in Iran occurred in 2015 and involved exclusively viruses of clade 2.3.2.1c. These findings indicate that Iran is at high risk of introduction of HPAI H5 of the A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 lineage from East Asia and highlight the need to maintain adequate monitoring activities in target wild and domestic bird species for HPAI early detection. This study is useful for better understanding the genetic and antigenic evolution of H5 HPAI viruses in the region and the world. More... »

PAGES

1089-1093

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11250-017-1302-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-017-1302-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085203350

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28478526


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