Biosynthesis of precious metabolites in callus cultures of Eclipta alba View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-11

AUTHORS

Razia Khurshid, Taimoor Khan, Afifa Zaeem, Laurine Garros, Christophe Hano, Bilal Haider Abbasi

ABSTRACT

Eclipta alba (False daisy) is an important medicinal plant with well-known antihepatotoxic activity. However, no previous in vitro studies are available for its callus culture for increased production of antioxidant secondary metabolites. Herein, we maintained a competent protocol for callus culture of E. alba using stem and leaf explants grown on MS medium containing various concentrations of thidiazuron, 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) either alone or in association with α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Among all the applied plant growth regulators, BAP along with NAA resulted in maximal dry biomass of 18.0 and 13.8 g/l for stem and leaf explants, respectively. Furthermore, the highest production of phenolics (375.7 mg/l for stem-associated callus and 298 mg/l for leaf-associated callus) and flavonoids (62.0 and 52.3 mg/l for stem- and leaf-associated callus, respectively) were found to be present in optimized callus culture. Antioxidant activity was also elucidated for both stem and leaf derived calli. The highest antioxidant activities (~ 93.5%) were witnessed for stem and leaf associated calli at set concentrations of 3.0 mg/l BAP + 1.0 mg/l NAA and 4.0 mg/l BAP, respectively. High-performance liquid chromatography analyses revealed optimum accumulation of coumarin (1.98 mg/g DW) and wedelolactone (49.63 mg/g DW) in leaf associated callus and desmethylwedelolactone (69.96 mg/g DW), β-amyrin (0.8179 mg/g DW) and eclalbatin (0.3202 mg/g DW) in stem associated callus at optimized concentration. More... »

PAGES

287-298

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11240-018-1463-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-018-1463-0

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105911862


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        "description": "Eclipta alba (False daisy) is an important medicinal plant with well-known antihepatotoxic activity. However, no previous in vitro studies are available for its callus culture for increased production of antioxidant secondary metabolites. Herein, we maintained a competent protocol for callus culture of E. alba using stem and leaf explants grown on MS medium containing various concentrations of thidiazuron, 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) either alone or in association with \u03b1-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Among all the applied plant growth regulators, BAP along with NAA resulted in maximal dry biomass of 18.0 and 13.8 g/l for stem and leaf explants, respectively. Furthermore, the highest production of phenolics (375.7 mg/l for stem-associated callus and 298 mg/l for leaf-associated callus) and flavonoids (62.0 and 52.3 mg/l for stem- and leaf-associated callus, respectively) were found to be present in optimized callus culture. Antioxidant activity was also elucidated for both stem and leaf derived calli. The highest antioxidant activities (~ 93.5%) were witnessed for stem and leaf associated calli at set concentrations of 3.0 mg/l BAP + 1.0 mg/l NAA and 4.0 mg/l BAP, respectively. High-performance liquid chromatography analyses revealed optimum accumulation of coumarin (1.98 mg/g DW) and wedelolactone (49.63 mg/g DW) in leaf associated callus and desmethylwedelolactone (69.96 mg/g DW), \u03b2-amyrin (0.8179 mg/g DW) and eclalbatin (0.3202 mg/g DW) in stem associated callus at optimized concentration.", 
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