Methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid synergism enhances bacoside A content in shoot cultures of Bacopa monnieri (L.) View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-02-24

AUTHORS

Muthiah Joe Virgin Largia, Govindan Pothiraj, Jayabalan Shilpha, Manikandan Ramesh

ABSTRACT

This study has been carried out with the aim of enhancing the production of bacoside A in plant cultures of Bacopa monnieri through the process of elicitation. Optimisation of suitable concentrations of plant growth regulators and harvest time has been accomplished for the highest biomass production and bacoside A accumulation. Plant cultures were elicited with methyl jasmonate (MJ) and salicylic acid (SA) separately and in combinations in different concentrations for a period of 1–4 weeks. Three weeks of elicitation with 50 µM MJ or 50 µM SA produced about two and threefold higher quantity of bacoside A respectively when compared to unelicited controls. Highest accumulation was noticed in a combination of 25 µM MJ + 25 µM SA treated for 3 weeks duration. It has produced about 59.18 mg/g DW (dry weight) of bacoside A3 (3.5-fold higher), 95.30 mg/g DW of Bacopaside II (5.2-fold higher), 46.11 mg/g DW of Jujubogenin isomer of Bacopasaponin C (4.8-fold higher) and 68.16 mg/g DW of Bacopasaponin C (5.9-fold higher), altogether accounting for the production of 269.71 mg/g DW (almost fivefold higher) of bacoside A. Hence the protocol formulated provides an efficient alternative for mass production of whole plants with increased metabolite content. More... »

PAGES

9-20

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2002-12. Involvement and interaction of various signaling compounds on the plant metabolic events during defense response, resistance to stress factors, formation of secondary metabolites and their molecular aspects in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
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    33 schema:description Abstract This study has been carried out with the aim of enhancing the production of bacoside A in plant cultures of Bacopa monnieri through the process of elicitation. Optimisation of suitable concentrations of plant growth regulators and harvest time has been accomplished for the highest biomass production and bacoside A accumulation. Plant cultures were elicited with methyl jasmonate (MJ) and salicylic acid (SA) separately and in combinations in different concentrations for a period of 1–4 weeks. Three weeks of elicitation with 50 µM MJ or 50 µM SA produced about two and threefold higher quantity of bacoside A respectively when compared to unelicited controls. Highest accumulation was noticed in a combination of 25 µM MJ + 25 µM SA treated for 3 weeks duration. It has produced about 59.18 mg/g DW (dry weight) of bacoside A3 (3.5-fold higher), 95.30 mg/g DW of Bacopaside II (5.2-fold higher), 46.11 mg/g DW of Jujubogenin isomer of Bacopasaponin C (4.8-fold higher) and 68.16 mg/g DW of Bacopasaponin C (5.9-fold higher), altogether accounting for the production of 269.71 mg/g DW (almost fivefold higher) of bacoside A. Hence the protocol formulated provides an efficient alternative for mass production of whole plants with increased metabolite content.
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    51 bacoside A
    52 bacoside A.
    53 bacoside A3
    54 bacosides
    55 biomass production
    56 combination
    57 concentration
    58 content
    59 control
    60 culture
    61 different concentrations
    62 duration
    63 efficient alternative
    64 elicitation
    65 growth regulators
    66 harvest time
    67 high biomass production
    68 high quantities
    69 higher accumulation
    70 isomers
    71 jasmonate
    72 jujubogenin isomer
    73 mass production
    74 metabolite content
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    76 optimization
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    87 salicylic acid
    88 salicylic acid synergism
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    99 schema:name Methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid synergism enhances bacoside A content in shoot cultures of Bacopa monnieri (L.)
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