Nitrogen source, concentration, and NH4+:NO3− ratio influence shoot regeneration and hyperhydricity in tissue cultured Aloe polyphylla View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-11

AUTHORS

Mariyana Ivanova, Johannes Van Staden

ABSTRACT

The role of nitrogen (N) supplied as inorganic ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3−), and organic glutamine on shoot regeneration, incidence of hyperhydricity and production of good quality shoots in Aloe polyphylla explants was investigated. The omission of total N from the culture medium resulted in low proliferation and hindered shoot growth. Ammonium as the sole source of N depressed shoot regeneration and growth and escalated the frequency of hyperhydricity to ca. 50%. When NO3− was used as the sole N source, shoots of good quality were produced and hyperhydricity was completely eliminated. Overall, the MS N combination was superior to any single N source for proliferation and growth of shoots, suggesting a synergistic effect between NH4+ and NO3− on shoot regeneration. Moreover, the relative amounts of NH4+ and NO3− also influenced the parameters tested. The highest regeneration was obtained with NH4+:NO3− ratios (mM) of 20:40, 30:30 and 40:20. Decreasing the ratio of NH4+:NO3− lowered the incidence of hyperhydricity. This study also demonstrates the potential of glutamine as the sole source of N, since its application resulted in the production of good quality shoots and almost no hyperhydricity. More... »

PAGES

167-174

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2004-05. Hyperhydricity of Micropropagated Shoots: A Typically Stress-induced Change of Physiological State in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1992-08. Reconsideration of the term ‘vitrification’ as used in micropropagation in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1993-12. Agar and ammonium nitrate influence hyperhydricity, tissue nitrate and total nitrogen content of serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) shoots in vitro in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 2006-06. A solution to the problem of ion confounding in experimental biology in NATURE METHODS
  • 2007-10. The effect of total inorganic nitrogen and the balance between its ionic forms on adventitious bud formation and callus growth of ‘Węgierka Zwykła’ plum (Prunus domestica L.) in ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM
  • 2004-03. Glutamine: A Suitable Nitrogen Source for Enhanced Shoot Multiplication in Cucumis sativus L. in BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM
  • 1994. The effect of nitrogen sources and initial pH of the media with or without buffer on in vitro rooting of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) in PHYSIOLOGY, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PLANTS IN CULTURE
  • 2001-01. Micropropagation of the endangered Aloe polyphylla in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1991. Vitrification: morphological and physiological disorders of in vitro plants in MICROPROPAGATION
  • 2008-02. Effect of ammonium ions and cytokinins on hyperhydricity and multiplication rate of in vitro regenerated shoots of Aloe polyphylla in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1991. Vitrification in Micropropagation in HIGH-TECH AND MICROPROPAGATION I
  • 2006-11. Endogenous cytokinins in shoots of Aloe polyphylla cultured in vitro in relation to hyperhydricity, exogenous cytokinins and gelling agents in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1993-02. Micropropagation of garlic through in vitro bulblet formation in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1999-10. Evaluation of sole nitrogen sources for shoot and leaf disc cultures of sugarbeet in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11240-009-9589-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-009-9589-8

    DIMENSIONS

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