Improved frequency of transformation in rice and maize by treatment of immature embryos with centrifugation and heat prior to infection ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2006-12

AUTHORS

Yukoh Hiei, Yuji Ishida, Keisuke Kasaoka, Toshihiko Komari

ABSTRACT

The efficiency of transformation was improved by treating immature embryos with heat and centrifugation before infection with Agrobacterium tumefaciens in rice and maize. Because the effects were detected both in the levels of transgene expression after co-cultivation and in the number of independent transgenic plants obtained per embryo, conditions were first optimized based on the transgene expression, and then transformants were produced. The optimal conditions varied considerably depending on species and genotypes, but reasonably good parameters were identified for Japonica rice, Indica rice or maize. As a general tendency, the effect of centrifugation was greater than that of heat in Japonica rice, whereas that of heat was greater than that of centrifugation in Indica rice and maize A188, and the combination of the treatments was the most effective in all of the genotypes tested. The frequency of transformation was improved several fold in rice and maize. In addition, transformation of certain genotypes of maize, which were not transformable before, and transformation of maize with a less efficient vector, which could not transform maize before, became possible by these pre-treatments. In the highest case, 18 independent transgenic plants were obtained from a single immature embryo of Japonica rice. Although nothing is known about the mechanism, these pre-treatments seemed to render cells of rice and maize more competent for transformation mediated by A. tumefaciens. More... »

PAGES

233-243

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11240-006-9157-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-006-9157-4

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013520828


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