Sunspot Group Decay View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-08

AUTHORS

David H. Hathaway, Debi Prasad Choudhary

ABSTRACT

We examine daily records of sunspot group areas (measured in millionths of a solar hemisphere or μHem) for the last 130 years to determine the rate of decay of sunspot group areas. We exclude observations of groups when they are more than 60° in longitude from the central meridian and only include data when at least three days of observations are available following the date of maximum area for a group’s disk passage. This leaves data for over 18 000 measurements of sunspot group decay. We find that the decay rate increases linearly from 28 μHem day−1 to about 140 μHem day−1 for groups with areas increasing from 35 μHem to 1000 μHem. The decay rate tends to level off for groups with areas larger than 1000 μHem. This behavior is very similar to the increase in the number of sunspots per group as the area of the group increases. Calculating the decay rate per individual sunspot gives a decay rate of about 3.65 μHem day−1 with little dependence upon the area of the group. This suggests that sunspots decay by a Fickian diffusion process with a diffusion coefficient of about 10 km2 s−1. Although the 18 000 decay rate measurements are lognormally distributed, this can be attributed to the lognormal distribution of sunspot group areas and the linear relationship between area and decay rate for the vast majority of groups. We find weak evidence for variations in decay rates from one solar cycle to another and for different phases of each sunspot cycle. However, the strongest evidence for variations is with latitude and the variations with cycle and phase of each cycle can be attributed to this variation. High latitude spots tend to decay faster than low latitude spots. More... »

PAGES

269-278

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040979906


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0101", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Pure Mathematics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/01", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Mathematical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Space Science and Technology Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462618.f", 
          "name": [
            "NSSTC/NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, 35812, Huntsville, AL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hathaway", 
        "givenName": "David H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015671020013.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015671020013.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "California State University, Northridge", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4", 
          "name": [
            "San Fernando Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Choudhary", 
        "givenName": "Debi Prasad", 
        "id": "sg:person.015537154045.70", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015537154045.70"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1022425402664", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000734952", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1022425402664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<178::aid-asna178>3.0.co;2-e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000854411"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00162376", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008226347", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00162376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00680629", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012536124", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00680629"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00680629", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012536124", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00680629"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<342::aid-asna342>3.0.co;2-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014024052"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00153288", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019394665", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00153288"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00153288", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019394665", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00153288"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156633", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022875731", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00156633"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156633", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022875731", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00156633"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004988123265", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023389424", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1004988123265"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/179.4.741", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028572917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00146575", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029532021", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00146575"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00146575", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029532021", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00146575"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00157230", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033322603", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00157230"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00157230", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033322603", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00157230"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004971807172", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035672349", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1004971807172"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00652636", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039308242", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00652636"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl016225", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043702214"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/106.3.218", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049048896"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/318333", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053168308"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010429", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056926905"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/166206", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058497496"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/172370", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058503660"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/174967", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058506257"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/344196", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058640367"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.211.4483.700", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062522576"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2008-08", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2008-08-01", 
    "description": "We examine daily records of sunspot group areas (measured in millionths of a solar hemisphere or \u03bcHem) for the last 130 years to determine the rate of decay of sunspot group areas. We exclude observations of groups when they are more than 60\u00b0 in longitude from the central meridian and only include data when at least three days of observations are available following the date of maximum area for a group\u2019s disk passage. This leaves data for over 18 000 measurements of sunspot group decay. We find that the decay rate increases linearly from 28 \u03bcHem day\u22121 to about 140 \u03bcHem day\u22121 for groups with areas increasing from 35 \u03bcHem to 1000 \u03bcHem. The decay rate tends to level off for groups with areas larger than 1000 \u03bcHem. This behavior is very similar to the increase in the number of sunspots per group as the area of the group increases. Calculating the decay rate per individual sunspot gives a decay rate of about 3.65 \u03bcHem day\u22121 with little dependence upon the area of the group. This suggests that sunspots decay by a Fickian diffusion process with a diffusion coefficient of about 10 km2 s\u22121. Although the 18 000 decay rate measurements are lognormally distributed, this can be attributed to the lognormal distribution of sunspot group areas and the linear relationship between area and decay rate for the vast majority of groups. We find weak evidence for variations in decay rates from one solar cycle to another and for different phases of each sunspot cycle. However, the strongest evidence for variations is with latitude and the variations with cycle and phase of each cycle can be attributed to this variation. High latitude spots tend to decay faster than low latitude spots.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1051932", 
        "issn": [
          "0038-0938", 
          "1573-093X"
        ], 
        "name": "Solar Physics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "250"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Sunspot Group Decay", 
    "pagination": "269-278", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "c337271c80088a51214f0df1ac170547355bd98d334b94a94b45dd8da56588de"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1040979906"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040979906"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T23:27", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000523.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11207-008-9226-4"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

147 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      49 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4 schema:about anzsrc-for:01
2 anzsrc-for:0101
3 schema:author N2d3740e6f06f432d8fc6497179f69e0b
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00146575
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00153288
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156633
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00157230
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00162376
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00652636
10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00680629
11 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004971807172
12 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004988123265
13 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1022425402664
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<178::aid-asna178>3.0.co;2-e
15 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<342::aid-asna342>3.0.co;2-5
16 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl016225
17 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010429
18 https://doi.org/10.1086/166206
19 https://doi.org/10.1086/172370
20 https://doi.org/10.1086/174967
21 https://doi.org/10.1086/318333
22 https://doi.org/10.1086/344196
23 https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/106.3.218
24 https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/179.4.741
25 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.211.4483.700
26 schema:datePublished 2008-08
27 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-08-01
28 schema:description We examine daily records of sunspot group areas (measured in millionths of a solar hemisphere or μHem) for the last 130 years to determine the rate of decay of sunspot group areas. We exclude observations of groups when they are more than 60° in longitude from the central meridian and only include data when at least three days of observations are available following the date of maximum area for a group’s disk passage. This leaves data for over 18 000 measurements of sunspot group decay. We find that the decay rate increases linearly from 28 μHem day−1 to about 140 μHem day−1 for groups with areas increasing from 35 μHem to 1000 μHem. The decay rate tends to level off for groups with areas larger than 1000 μHem. This behavior is very similar to the increase in the number of sunspots per group as the area of the group increases. Calculating the decay rate per individual sunspot gives a decay rate of about 3.65 μHem day−1 with little dependence upon the area of the group. This suggests that sunspots decay by a Fickian diffusion process with a diffusion coefficient of about 10 km2 s−1. Although the 18 000 decay rate measurements are lognormally distributed, this can be attributed to the lognormal distribution of sunspot group areas and the linear relationship between area and decay rate for the vast majority of groups. We find weak evidence for variations in decay rates from one solar cycle to another and for different phases of each sunspot cycle. However, the strongest evidence for variations is with latitude and the variations with cycle and phase of each cycle can be attributed to this variation. High latitude spots tend to decay faster than low latitude spots.
29 schema:genre research_article
30 schema:inLanguage en
31 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
32 schema:isPartOf N90fd33e500c84c6b8d5d50ddc677d680
33 Nff13f252a8fc4018acc20438ae18ce46
34 sg:journal.1051932
35 schema:name Sunspot Group Decay
36 schema:pagination 269-278
37 schema:productId N62727c73744a4c4c90d1de68fd87fb5e
38 N85d7c788d86a435daeb0841d86ad9f1b
39 N9418b9d189a74a9e9bc60d3acd1c9ef7
40 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040979906
41 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4
42 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T23:27
43 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
44 schema:sdPublisher N485f50985bf946ed85af9f1b61786e81
45 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11207-008-9226-4
46 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
47 sgo:sdDataset articles
48 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
49 N2cc3d8d98e0b463eb54d22467da5944d rdf:first sg:person.015537154045.70
50 rdf:rest rdf:nil
51 N2d3740e6f06f432d8fc6497179f69e0b rdf:first sg:person.015671020013.55
52 rdf:rest N2cc3d8d98e0b463eb54d22467da5944d
53 N485f50985bf946ed85af9f1b61786e81 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
54 rdf:type schema:Organization
55 N62727c73744a4c4c90d1de68fd87fb5e schema:name dimensions_id
56 schema:value pub.1040979906
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N85d7c788d86a435daeb0841d86ad9f1b schema:name doi
59 schema:value 10.1007/s11207-008-9226-4
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 N90fd33e500c84c6b8d5d50ddc677d680 schema:issueNumber 2
62 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
63 N9418b9d189a74a9e9bc60d3acd1c9ef7 schema:name readcube_id
64 schema:value c337271c80088a51214f0df1ac170547355bd98d334b94a94b45dd8da56588de
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 Nff13f252a8fc4018acc20438ae18ce46 schema:volumeNumber 250
67 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
68 anzsrc-for:01 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
69 schema:name Mathematical Sciences
70 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
71 anzsrc-for:0101 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
72 schema:name Pure Mathematics
73 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
74 sg:journal.1051932 schema:issn 0038-0938
75 1573-093X
76 schema:name Solar Physics
77 rdf:type schema:Periodical
78 sg:person.015537154045.70 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4
79 schema:familyName Choudhary
80 schema:givenName Debi Prasad
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015537154045.70
82 rdf:type schema:Person
83 sg:person.015671020013.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462618.f
84 schema:familyName Hathaway
85 schema:givenName David H.
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015671020013.55
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00146575 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029532021
89 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00146575
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00153288 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019394665
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00153288
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00156633 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022875731
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00156633
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00157230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033322603
98 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00157230
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00162376 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008226347
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00162376
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00652636 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039308242
104 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00652636
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00680629 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012536124
107 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00680629
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004971807172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035672349
110 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1004971807172
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1004988123265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023389424
113 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1004988123265
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1022425402664 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000734952
116 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1022425402664
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<178::aid-asna178>3.0.co;2-e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000854411
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3994(200208)323:3/4<342::aid-asna342>3.0.co;2-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014024052
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1029/2002gl016225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043702214
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056926905
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1086/166206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058497496
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1086/172370 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058503660
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.1086/174967 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058506257
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1086/318333 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053168308
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1086/344196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058640367
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/106.3.218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049048896
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/179.4.741 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028572917
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.211.4483.700 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062522576
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4 schema:alternateName California State University, Northridge
143 schema:name San Fernando Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA, USA
144 rdf:type schema:Organization
145 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462618.f schema:alternateName National Space Science and Technology Center
146 schema:name NSSTC/NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, 35812, Huntsville, AL, USA
147 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...