Psychrophilic and psychrotrophic fungi: a comprehensive review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04-29

AUTHORS

Noor Hassan, Muhammad Rafiq, Muhammad Hayat, Aamer Ali Shah, Fariha Hasan

ABSTRACT

This article reviews the comparative diversity of psychrophilic and psychrotrophic fungi, their adaptability mechanisms for survival and potential applications in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. Fungi are able to grow and survive at low temperature and exist widely in polar and non-polar habitats. These cold regions are known for very low temperature, high ultra violet-B radiation, frequent freeze and thaw cycles and low water and nutrient availability. Most of the fungi adapt to such harsh conditions by evolving various strategies in their metabolism and physiology. Psychrophilic and psychrotrophic fungi are of importance in biotechnological and pharmaceutical fields due to their diverse characteristics developed or evolved due to their adaptation and survival in extreme environments, like; production of cold-active enzymes, pharmaceutical or bioactive metabolites and exo-polysaccharides, have potential for bioremediation and can also be used as biofertilizer. More... »

PAGES

147-172

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    DOI

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