Strategic Responses to Competitive Threats: Airlines in Action View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

John Kwoka, Birzhan Batkeyev

ABSTRACT

Firms compete with each other in numerous ways, but particularly interesting are the various ways in which they respond to competitive threats to their critical assets and operations. Firms may mount vigorous defenses, or they may launch offensive strategies—by some definitions perhaps even predatory—or they may do nothing at all. This paper takes a selective empirical approach to analyzing such actions. We examine one industry—airlines—and two carriers—United and US Airways—and analyze their price and capacity strategies when confronted by entry on specific routes or by certain rivals. This approach limits exogenous variation while offering insights into the determinants of incumbents’ strategies, such as the identity of the entrant, the likely prospects for driving it out, the nature of airport or route competition, and so forth. More... »

PAGES

1-27

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273330


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Northeastern University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261112.7", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Economics, Northeastern University, Boston, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kwoka", 
        "givenName": "John", 
        "id": "sg:person.015074712014.67", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015074712014.67"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kazakh-British Technical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.443463.2", 
          "name": [
            "International School of Economics, Kazakh-British Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Batkeyev", 
        "givenName": "Birzhan", 
        "id": "sg:person.013011052732.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013011052732.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecotra.2014.01.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001656583"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-016-9506-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006868642", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-016-9506-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2009.01.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010044700"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(88)80023-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014794088"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/soej.12117", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015760159"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2009.02.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020596188"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030233316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2006.00096.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036400752"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2006.00096.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036400752"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02295252", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037898283", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02295252"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02295252", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037898283", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02295252"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2005.00072.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041135677"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2008.123.4.1611", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063352971"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.3.1.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531777"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1110.1440", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064715586"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/135563", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069442806"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2098506", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069759331"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2098590", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069759405"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2231658", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069845523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2231658", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069845523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2555540", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991321"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.507102", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102179612"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3003302", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102602381"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-02", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
    "description": "Firms compete with each other in numerous ways, but particularly interesting are the various ways in which they respond to competitive threats to their critical assets and operations. Firms may mount vigorous defenses, or they may launch offensive strategies\u2014by some definitions perhaps even predatory\u2014or they may do nothing at all. This paper takes a selective empirical approach to analyzing such actions. We examine one industry\u2014airlines\u2014and two carriers\u2014United and US Airways\u2014and analyze their price and capacity strategies when confronted by entry on specific routes or by certain rivals. This approach limits exogenous variation while offering insights into the determinants of incumbents\u2019 strategies, such as the identity of the entrant, the likely prospects for driving it out, the nature of airport or route competition, and so forth.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136721", 
        "issn": [
          "0889-938X", 
          "1573-7160"
        ], 
        "name": "Review of Industrial Organization", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Strategic Responses to Competitive Threats: Airlines in Action", 
    "pagination": "1-27", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "37ce64f8c0efb3612520556cdd28c132c4323a6024240adc2f2259e067eb89a3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1107273330"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273330"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8660_00000541.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11151-018-9664-6"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

127 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      45 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author N5d72a36bb9d346b6953d1c01333df54f
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02295252
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-016-9506-3
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/soej.12117
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecotra.2014.01.001
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2009.02.002
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2009.01.004
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(88)80023-7
12 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2005.00072.x
13 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2006.00096.x
14 https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2008.123.4.1611
15 https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.3.1.1
16 https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1110.1440
17 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.507102
18 https://doi.org/10.2307/135563
19 https://doi.org/10.2307/2098506
20 https://doi.org/10.2307/2098590
21 https://doi.org/10.2307/2231658
22 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555540
23 https://doi.org/10.2307/3003302
24 schema:datePublished 2019-02
25 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
26 schema:description Firms compete with each other in numerous ways, but particularly interesting are the various ways in which they respond to competitive threats to their critical assets and operations. Firms may mount vigorous defenses, or they may launch offensive strategies—by some definitions perhaps even predatory—or they may do nothing at all. This paper takes a selective empirical approach to analyzing such actions. We examine one industry—airlines—and two carriers—United and US Airways—and analyze their price and capacity strategies when confronted by entry on specific routes or by certain rivals. This approach limits exogenous variation while offering insights into the determinants of incumbents’ strategies, such as the identity of the entrant, the likely prospects for driving it out, the nature of airport or route competition, and so forth.
27 schema:genre research_article
28 schema:inLanguage en
29 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
30 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136721
31 schema:name Strategic Responses to Competitive Threats: Airlines in Action
32 schema:pagination 1-27
33 schema:productId N6ca3d2c065064f44b9d329f05d747fba
34 Nd4fafe378f27472893ae1c3f3abb0618
35 Ne94b81d44a1b42bcaf706f83acb663c3
36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273330
37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6
38 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:15
39 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
40 schema:sdPublisher Ne34c800440eb44168c30f435e964f2a9
41 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11151-018-9664-6
42 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
43 sgo:sdDataset articles
44 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
45 N5d72a36bb9d346b6953d1c01333df54f rdf:first sg:person.015074712014.67
46 rdf:rest Na0f6cf45af244501bdc8698fd762ba8b
47 N6ca3d2c065064f44b9d329f05d747fba schema:name doi
48 schema:value 10.1007/s11151-018-9664-6
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 Na0f6cf45af244501bdc8698fd762ba8b rdf:first sg:person.013011052732.27
51 rdf:rest rdf:nil
52 Nd4fafe378f27472893ae1c3f3abb0618 schema:name dimensions_id
53 schema:value pub.1107273330
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 Ne34c800440eb44168c30f435e964f2a9 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
56 rdf:type schema:Organization
57 Ne94b81d44a1b42bcaf706f83acb663c3 schema:name readcube_id
58 schema:value 37ce64f8c0efb3612520556cdd28c132c4323a6024240adc2f2259e067eb89a3
59 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
60 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
61 schema:name Economics
62 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
63 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
64 schema:name Applied Economics
65 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
66 sg:journal.1136721 schema:issn 0889-938X
67 1573-7160
68 schema:name Review of Industrial Organization
69 rdf:type schema:Periodical
70 sg:person.013011052732.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.443463.2
71 schema:familyName Batkeyev
72 schema:givenName Birzhan
73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013011052732.27
74 rdf:type schema:Person
75 sg:person.015074712014.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261112.7
76 schema:familyName Kwoka
77 schema:givenName John
78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015074712014.67
79 rdf:type schema:Person
80 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02295252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037898283
81 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02295252
82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
83 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-016-9506-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006868642
84 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-016-9506-3
85 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
86 https://doi.org/10.1002/soej.12117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015760159
87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
88 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecotra.2014.01.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001656583
89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
90 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2009.02.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020596188
91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
92 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030233316
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2009.01.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010044700
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(88)80023-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014794088
97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
98 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2005.00072.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041135677
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2006.00096.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036400752
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2008.123.4.1611 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063352971
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.3.1.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531777
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1110.1440 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064715586
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.507102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102179612
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.2307/135563 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069442806
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.2307/2098506 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069759331
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.2307/2098590 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069759405
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.2307/2231658 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069845523
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555540 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991321
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.2307/3003302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102602381
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.261112.7 schema:alternateName Northeastern University
123 schema:name Department of Economics, Northeastern University, Boston, USA
124 rdf:type schema:Organization
125 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.443463.2 schema:alternateName Kazakh-British Technical University
126 schema:name International School of Economics, Kazakh-British Technical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
127 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...