Network Structure and Consolidation in the U.S. Airline Industry, 1990–2015 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Federico Ciliberto, Emily E. Cook, Jonathan W. Williams

ABSTRACT

We study the effect of consolidation on airline network connectivity using three measures of centrality from graph theory: Degree; Closeness; and Betweenness. Changes in these measures from 1990 to 2015 imply: (i) the average airport services a greater proportion of possible routes; (ii) the average origin airport is fewer stops away from any given destination; and (iii) the average hub is less often along the shortest route between two other airports. Yet, we find the trend toward greater connectivity in the national network structure is largely unaffected by consolidation—in the form of mergers and codeshare agreements—during this period. More... »

PAGES

1-34

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104332758


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1608", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Sociology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/16", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Studies in Human Society", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "German Institute for Economic Research", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8465.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Economics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA", 
            "The Center for Economic and Policy Research, London, United Kingdom", 
            "DIW, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ciliberto", 
        "givenName": "Federico", 
        "id": "sg:person.014637225641.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014637225641.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Virginia", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27755.32", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Economics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cook", 
        "givenName": "Emily E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014304213471.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014304213471.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of North Carolina System", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410711.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Economics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Williams", 
        "givenName": "Jonathan W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012153056277.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012153056277.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.09.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002728425"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007700827041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003965021", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007700827041"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta12058", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006022337"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-013-9380-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008091525", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-013-9380-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7187(91)90015-d", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013116801"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.09.013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018077200"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(03)00002-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018358583"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(03)00002-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018358583"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2010.03.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024817000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030233316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jeth.1996.0108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031014677"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6451.2010.00433.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031884733"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6451.2010.00433.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031884733"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2171.2008.00042.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033273655"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta5368", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041826253"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042424789", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042424789", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-2171.12070", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045164854"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00084", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048322084"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00155", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051050088"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/386274", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058677360"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/505369", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058784710"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/511318", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058787818"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/519818", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058792476"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/595865", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058803625"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/605725", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058810277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/joclec/nhu023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059822945"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.97.3.890", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064527593"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.6.2.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531100"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.5.4.244", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531888"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2555575", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991353"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2555806", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991567"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2951571", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070145884"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2017.12.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100107092"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-02", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
    "description": "We study the effect of consolidation on airline network connectivity using three measures of centrality from graph theory: Degree; Closeness; and Betweenness. Changes in these measures from 1990 to 2015 imply: (i) the average airport services a greater proportion of possible routes; (ii) the average origin airport is fewer stops away from any given destination; and (iii) the average hub is less often along the shortest route between two other airports. Yet, we find the trend toward greater connectivity in the national network structure is largely unaffected by consolidation\u2014in the form of mergers and codeshare agreements\u2014during this period.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136721", 
        "issn": [
          "0889-938X", 
          "1573-7160"
        ], 
        "name": "Review of Industrial Organization", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Network Structure and Consolidation in the U.S. Airline Industry, 1990\u20132015", 
    "pagination": "1-34", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "b4d487f95969a7322e5662f0234a697a2c9a820f8ffb49f9c24593730cb59969"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1104332758"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104332758"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T00:10", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8695_00000485.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

173 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      56 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y schema:about anzsrc-for:16
2 anzsrc-for:1608
3 schema:author Nfcf4dbb9f34343b18c66a6a6a509ff97
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-013-9380-1
6 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007700827041
7 https://doi.org/10.1006/jeth.1996.0108
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7187(91)90015-d
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2017.12.002
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.09.013
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.09.001
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2010.03.006
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(03)00002-x
15 https://doi.org/10.1086/386274
16 https://doi.org/10.1086/505369
17 https://doi.org/10.1086/511318
18 https://doi.org/10.1086/519818
19 https://doi.org/10.1086/595865
20 https://doi.org/10.1086/605725
21 https://doi.org/10.1093/joclec/nhu023
22 https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00084
23 https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00155
24 https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-2171.12070
25 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6451.2010.00433.x
26 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2171.2008.00042.x
27 https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.97.3.890
28 https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.6.2.45
29 https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.5.4.244
30 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555575
31 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555806
32 https://doi.org/10.2307/2951571
33 https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta12058
34 https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta5368
35 schema:datePublished 2019-02
36 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
37 schema:description We study the effect of consolidation on airline network connectivity using three measures of centrality from graph theory: Degree; Closeness; and Betweenness. Changes in these measures from 1990 to 2015 imply: (i) the average airport services a greater proportion of possible routes; (ii) the average origin airport is fewer stops away from any given destination; and (iii) the average hub is less often along the shortest route between two other airports. Yet, we find the trend toward greater connectivity in the national network structure is largely unaffected by consolidation—in the form of mergers and codeshare agreements—during this period.
38 schema:genre research_article
39 schema:inLanguage en
40 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
41 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136721
42 schema:name Network Structure and Consolidation in the U.S. Airline Industry, 1990–2015
43 schema:pagination 1-34
44 schema:productId N3daa81214c3f4038bcc86d34a70100e3
45 Nd73de9a2a7844625aa735fdf17fb6eae
46 Nff94573eebbd4b90b2db0c54574e6686
47 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104332758
48 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y
49 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T00:10
50 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
51 schema:sdPublisher N42d6d530973f4b9ba6d6a8808a86e7b7
52 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y
53 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
54 sgo:sdDataset articles
55 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
56 N3daa81214c3f4038bcc86d34a70100e3 schema:name dimensions_id
57 schema:value pub.1104332758
58 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
59 N42d6d530973f4b9ba6d6a8808a86e7b7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
60 rdf:type schema:Organization
61 N91596ea09e7647bb9f7ff48d822fff35 rdf:first sg:person.014304213471.24
62 rdf:rest Nb4704fc9c0ca4a7da3dbbfe272dc14dd
63 Nb4704fc9c0ca4a7da3dbbfe272dc14dd rdf:first sg:person.012153056277.01
64 rdf:rest rdf:nil
65 Nd73de9a2a7844625aa735fdf17fb6eae schema:name readcube_id
66 schema:value b4d487f95969a7322e5662f0234a697a2c9a820f8ffb49f9c24593730cb59969
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Nfcf4dbb9f34343b18c66a6a6a509ff97 rdf:first sg:person.014637225641.02
69 rdf:rest N91596ea09e7647bb9f7ff48d822fff35
70 Nff94573eebbd4b90b2db0c54574e6686 schema:name doi
71 schema:value 10.1007/s11151-018-9635-y
72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
73 anzsrc-for:16 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
74 schema:name Studies in Human Society
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 anzsrc-for:1608 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
77 schema:name Sociology
78 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
79 sg:journal.1136721 schema:issn 0889-938X
80 1573-7160
81 schema:name Review of Industrial Organization
82 rdf:type schema:Periodical
83 sg:person.012153056277.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410711.2
84 schema:familyName Williams
85 schema:givenName Jonathan W.
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012153056277.01
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 sg:person.014304213471.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27755.32
89 schema:familyName Cook
90 schema:givenName Emily E.
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014304213471.24
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 sg:person.014637225641.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8465.f
94 schema:familyName Ciliberto
95 schema:givenName Federico
96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014637225641.02
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 sg:pub.10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042424789
99 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88146-1
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 sg:pub.10.1007/s11151-013-9380-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008091525
102 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11151-013-9380-1
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1007700827041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003965021
105 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1007700827041
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1006/jeth.1996.0108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031014677
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7187(91)90015-d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013116801
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2010.03.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030233316
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijindorg.2017.12.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100107092
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.09.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018077200
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.09.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002728425
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2010.03.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024817000
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-7187(03)00002-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018358583
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1086/386274 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058677360
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1086/505369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058784710
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1086/511318 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058787818
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1086/519818 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058792476
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1086/595865 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058803625
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1086/605725 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058810277
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1093/joclec/nhu023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059822945
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00084 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048322084
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0262.00155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051050088
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-2171.12070 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045164854
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6451.2010.00433.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031884733
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2171.2008.00042.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033273655
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.97.3.890 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064527593
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.6.2.45 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531100
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.1257/mic.5.4.244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064531888
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555575 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991353
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://doi.org/10.2307/2555806 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069991567
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 https://doi.org/10.2307/2951571 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070145884
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta12058 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006022337
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 https://doi.org/10.3982/ecta5368 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041826253
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27755.32 schema:alternateName University of Virginia
164 schema:name Department of Economics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
165 rdf:type schema:Organization
166 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410711.2 schema:alternateName University of North Carolina System
167 schema:name Department of Economics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
168 rdf:type schema:Organization
169 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8465.f schema:alternateName German Institute for Economic Research
170 schema:name DIW, Berlin, Germany
171 Department of Economics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
172 The Center for Economic and Policy Research, London, United Kingdom
173 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...