Health-related quality of life following blind rehabilitation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-04-05

AUTHORS

Thomas Kuyk, Lei Liu, Jeffry L. Elliott, Hartley E. Grubbs, Cynthia Owsley, Gerald McGwin, Russell L. Griffin, Patti S. Fuhr

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of residential blind rehabilitation on patients’ vision-targeted health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and general physical and mental function.MethodThe National Eye Institute 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ) plus appendix questions, the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), Hope Scale and Coopersmith self-esteem inventory were administered to 206 legally blind veterans prior to their entering a residential (in-patient) blind rehabilitation program and again to 185 and 176 of the original cohort at 2 and 6 months after completion of the rehabilitation program, respectively. Data on visual acuity, visual field extent, contrast sensitivity and scanning ability were also collected. The duration of the in-patient rehabilitation programs ranged from 11 to 109 days. Questionnaire scores were compared pre-rehabilitation and post-rehabilitation.ResultsFollowing rehabilitation there was a significant improvement in nine of 11 NEI VFQ subscales and in a composite score at both the 2- and 6-month post-rehabilitation intervals. Mental health (SF-12) and self esteem also improved significantly although physical health ratings declined over the course of the study (approximately 10 months).ConclusionsResidential blind rehabilitation appears to improve patients’ self-reported vision-targeted HRQOL, self-esteem and mental health aspects of generic HRQOL. More... »

PAGES

497-507

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994-09. Quality of life assessment in blindness prevention interventions in INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 1993. Assessing health-related quality of life for clinical decision-making in QUALITY OF LIFE ASSESSMENT: KEY ISSUES IN THE 1990S
  • 1998-06. Negotiating the Reality of Visual Impairment: Hope, Coping, and Functional Ability in JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IN MEDICAL SETTINGS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11136-008-9336-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-008-9336-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038590689

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18392688


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