Rural out-migration and smallholder agriculture in the southern Ecuadorian Andes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-05

AUTHORS

Clark L. Gray

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the consequences of out-migration and migrant remittances for smallholder agriculture in a rural and environmentally marginal study area in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Migration and remittances have the potential for transformative impacts on agriculture in origin areas of migration due to consequent declines in labor availability and increases in income, but previous studies have primarily found mixed and weak effects. This study provides additional insight by considering the gender and destination of migrants, key factors given gender norms influencing participation in agriculture, and the large gap in remittances sent by internal and international migrants. Building on recent methodological innovations, the study uses original household survey data and multivariate statistical models to examine the consequences of migration and remittances for multiple agricultural outcomes, including maize production, agrodiversity, female participation in agriculture, and the use of land, labor, and chemical inputs. Consistent with previous studies, the results indicate that migration and remittances have mixed and countervailing effects on smallholder agriculture. Specifically, out-migration has lost-labor effects that differ between men and women, and international remittances have investment-promotion effects that result in increased maize production. Together, the results highlight the resilience of smallholder agriculture in the face of dramatic demographic change. More... »

PAGES

193-217

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11111-009-0081-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-009-0081-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002809915


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