Changes of soil-rhizosphere microbiota after organic amendment application in a Hordeum vulgare L. short-term greenhouse experiment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-08-06

AUTHORS

Michael M. Obermeier, Eva-Maria L. Minarsch, Abilash C. Durai Raj, Francois Rineau, Peter Schröder

ABSTRACT

AimsIn order to counteract the enduring decreases in the quality of agricultural land, mechanistic studies for a more sustainable agricultural crop production were performed. They aimed to assess the effects of organic amendments in combination with mineral fertilizer on soil-rhizosphere microbiota and their influence on soil health and plant performance.MethodsIn a short-term greenhouse experiment, the effects of pelletized spent mushroom substrate, with different combinations of biochar and mineral fertilizer, on agricultural soil and performance of Hordeum vulgare L were scrutinized. To evaluate improved soil quality, different soil biological and chemical properties, microbial activity, bacterial diversity and plant performance were assessed.ResultsPlant performance increased across all fertilizer combinations. Bacterial β-diversity changed from the initial to the final sampling, pointing at a strong influence of plant development on the rhizosphere with increasing abundances of Acidobacteria and decreasing abundances of Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, and Bacteroidetes. Microbial activity (FDA), potential enzyme activity and metabolic diversity of the microbial community (BIOLOG) were not affected by the amendments, whereas bacterial community structure changed on family level, indicating functional redundancy. Treatments containing biochar and the highest amount of mineral fertilizer (B_MF140) caused the strongest changes, which were most pronounced for the families Xanthobacteraceae, Mycobacteriaceae, and Haliangiaceae.ConclusionApplying organic amendments improved plant performance and maintained soil health, contributing to more sustainable crop production. Nevertheless, long-term field studies are recommended to verify the findings of this short-term experiment. More... »

PAGES

489-506

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    30 schema:description AimsIn order to counteract the enduring decreases in the quality of agricultural land, mechanistic studies for a more sustainable agricultural crop production were performed. They aimed to assess the effects of organic amendments in combination with mineral fertilizer on soil-rhizosphere microbiota and their influence on soil health and plant performance.MethodsIn a short-term greenhouse experiment, the effects of pelletized spent mushroom substrate, with different combinations of biochar and mineral fertilizer, on agricultural soil and performance of Hordeum vulgare L were scrutinized. To evaluate improved soil quality, different soil biological and chemical properties, microbial activity, bacterial diversity and plant performance were assessed.ResultsPlant performance increased across all fertilizer combinations. Bacterial β-diversity changed from the initial to the final sampling, pointing at a strong influence of plant development on the rhizosphere with increasing abundances of Acidobacteria and decreasing abundances of Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, and Bacteroidetes. Microbial activity (FDA), potential enzyme activity and metabolic diversity of the microbial community (BIOLOG) were not affected by the amendments, whereas bacterial community structure changed on family level, indicating functional redundancy. Treatments containing biochar and the highest amount of mineral fertilizer (B_MF140) caused the strongest changes, which were most pronounced for the families Xanthobacteraceae, Mycobacteriaceae, and Haliangiaceae.ConclusionApplying organic amendments improved plant performance and maintained soil health, contributing to more sustainable crop production. Nevertheless, long-term field studies are recommended to verify the findings of this short-term experiment.
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    36 schema:keywords Acidobacteria
    37 Actinobacteria
    38 Bacteroidetes
    39 Chloroflexi
    40 Haliangiaceae
    41 Hordeum vulgare L
    42 MethodsIn
    43 Mycobacteriaceae
    44 Xanthobacteraceae
    45 abundance
    46 abundance of Acidobacteria
    47 abundance of Actinobacteria
    48 activity
    49 agricultural crop production
    50 agricultural land
    51 agricultural soils
    52 amendment application
    53 amendments
    54 amount
    55 applications
    56 bacterial community structure
    57 bacterial diversity
    58 bacterial β-diversity
    59 biochar
    60 changes
    61 chemical properties
    62 combination
    63 community
    64 community structure
    65 crop production
    66 decrease
    67 development
    68 different combinations
    69 different soils
    70 diversity
    71 effect
    72 enzyme activity
    73 experiments
    74 family Xanthobacteraceae
    75 family level
    76 fertilizer
    77 fertilizer combinations
    78 field study
    79 final sampling
    80 findings
    81 functional redundancy
    82 greenhouse experiment
    83 health
    84 high amounts
    85 improved soil quality
    86 influence
    87 initial
    88 land
    89 levels
    90 long-term field studies
    91 mechanistic studies
    92 metabolic diversity
    93 microbial activity
    94 microbial communities
    95 microbiota
    96 mineral fertilizers
    97 mushroom substrate
    98 order
    99 organic amendment application
    100 organic amendments
    101 performance
    102 plant development
    103 plant performance
    104 potential enzyme activities
    105 production
    106 properties
    107 quality
    108 redundancy
    109 rhizosphere
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    111 short-term experiments
    112 short-term greenhouse experiment
    113 soil
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    115 soil quality
    116 strong changes
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    125 schema:name Changes of soil-rhizosphere microbiota after organic amendment application in a Hordeum vulgare L. short-term greenhouse experiment
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