Tree species and size drive water consumption of beech/spruce forests - a simulation study highlighting growth under water limitation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-06-09

AUTHORS

T. Rötzer, K. H. Häberle, C. Kallenbach, R. Matyssek, G. Schütze, H. Pretzsch

ABSTRACT

AimsBy using a growth model, a simulation study was done to detect differing transpiration sums of an evergreen and a deciduous tree species within a mixed stand. The dependence of summer drought and transpiration on tree size and species, and the relationship of water use efficiency and tree growth was analyzed.MethodsThe process-based growth model BALANCE was used to simulate the water balance and the growth of individual trees for the isohydric species Picea abies and the anisohydric species Fagus sylvatica within a mixed forest stand.ResultsThe individual tree based model was able to realistically simulate the water balances at tree and stand level. Actual evapotranspiration and soil water content differed in species and was size-dependent. Spruce was more affected by drought than beech. Drought stress increased with tree size, an effect which was more pronounced for spruce than for beech. Wood productivity was positively correlated with water-use efficiency being more distinct in beech than spruce.ConclusionsUsing individual tree based growth models effects of tree individuals in structured forest stands on water consumption, growth and productivity can be analyzed. The simulation results, i.e. the information of species-specific water consumption, growth rates and dependencies between water consumption and tree growth in stands of Norway spruce and European beech can help to mitigate effects of climate change on forest stand productivity and preserve an appropriate proportion of high quality timber mainly provided by spruce. More... »

PAGES

337-356

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    30 schema:description AimsBy using a growth model, a simulation study was done to detect differing transpiration sums of an evergreen and a deciduous tree species within a mixed stand. The dependence of summer drought and transpiration on tree size and species, and the relationship of water use efficiency and tree growth was analyzed.MethodsThe process-based growth model BALANCE was used to simulate the water balance and the growth of individual trees for the isohydric species Picea abies and the anisohydric species Fagus sylvatica within a mixed forest stand.ResultsThe individual tree based model was able to realistically simulate the water balances at tree and stand level. Actual evapotranspiration and soil water content differed in species and was size-dependent. Spruce was more affected by drought than beech. Drought stress increased with tree size, an effect which was more pronounced for spruce than for beech. Wood productivity was positively correlated with water-use efficiency being more distinct in beech than spruce.ConclusionsUsing individual tree based growth models effects of tree individuals in structured forest stands on water consumption, growth and productivity can be analyzed. The simulation results, i.e. the information of species-specific water consumption, growth rates and dependencies between water consumption and tree growth in stands of Norway spruce and European beech can help to mitigate effects of climate change on forest stand productivity and preserve an appropriate proportion of high quality timber mainly provided by spruce.
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    37 Fagus sylvatica
    38 Norway spruce
    39 Picea abies
    40 abies
    41 actual evapotranspiration
    42 appropriate proportion
    43 balance
    44 beech
    45 beech/spruce forest
    46 changes
    47 climate change
    48 consumption
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    55 effect
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    58 evergreen
    59 forest
    60 forest stands
    61 growth
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    63 growth rate
    64 high quality timber
    65 individual trees
    66 individuals
    67 information
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    74 model effects
    75 productivity
    76 proportion
    77 quality timber
    78 rate
    79 relationship
    80 relationship of water
    81 results
    82 simulation results
    83 simulation study
    84 size
    85 soil water content
    86 species
    87 spruce
    88 spruce forest
    89 stands
    90 stress
    91 structured forests
    92 study
    93 sum
    94 summer drought
    95 sylvatica
    96 timber
    97 transpiration
    98 tree growth
    99 tree individuals
    100 tree size
    101 tree species
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    103 water
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    105 water consumption
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    110 schema:name Tree species and size drive water consumption of beech/spruce forests - a simulation study highlighting growth under water limitation
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