Effects of tree species composition on the CO2 and N2O efflux of a Mediterranean mountain forest soil View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-07-24

AUTHORS

Eugenio Díaz-Pinés, Andreas Schindlbacher, Marina Godino, Barbara Kitzler, Robert Jandl, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern, Agustín Rubio

ABSTRACT

Background and AimsTree species composition shifts can alter soil CO2 and N2O effluxes. We quantified the soil CO2 and N2O efflux rates and temperature sensitivity from Pyrenean oak, Scots pine and mixed stands in Central Spain to assess the effects of a potential expansion of oak forests.MethodsSoil CO2 and N2O effluxes were measured from topsoil samples by lab incubation from 5 to 25 °C. Soil microbial biomass and community composition were assessed.ResultsPine stands showed highest soil CO2 efflux, followed by mixed and oak forests (up to 277, 245 and 145 mg CO2-C m−2 h−1, respectively). Despite contrasting soil microbial community composition (more fungi and less actinomycetes in pine plots), carbon decomposability and temperature sensitivity of the soil CO2 efflux remain constant among tree species. Soil N2O efflux rates and its temperature sensitivity was markedly higher in oak stands than in pine stands (70 vs. 27 μg N2O-N m−2 h−1, Q10, 4.5 vs. 2.5).ConclusionsConversion of pine to oak forests in the region will likely decrease soil CO2 effluxes due to decreasing SOC contents on the long run and will likely enhance soil N2O effluxes. Our results present only a seasonal snapshot and need to be confirmed in the field. More... »

PAGES

243-257

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    32 schema:description Background and AimsTree species composition shifts can alter soil CO2 and N2O effluxes. We quantified the soil CO2 and N2O efflux rates and temperature sensitivity from Pyrenean oak, Scots pine and mixed stands in Central Spain to assess the effects of a potential expansion of oak forests.MethodsSoil CO2 and N2O effluxes were measured from topsoil samples by lab incubation from 5 to 25 °C. Soil microbial biomass and community composition were assessed.ResultsPine stands showed highest soil CO2 efflux, followed by mixed and oak forests (up to 277, 245 and 145 mg CO2-C m−2 h−1, respectively). Despite contrasting soil microbial community composition (more fungi and less actinomycetes in pine plots), carbon decomposability and temperature sensitivity of the soil CO2 efflux remain constant among tree species. Soil N2O efflux rates and its temperature sensitivity was markedly higher in oak stands than in pine stands (70 vs. 27 μg N2O-N m−2 h−1, Q10, 4.5 vs. 2.5).ConclusionsConversion of pine to oak forests in the region will likely decrease soil CO2 effluxes due to decreasing SOC contents on the long run and will likely enhance soil N2O effluxes. Our results present only a seasonal snapshot and need to be confirmed in the field.
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    40 CO2
    41 CO2 efflux
    42 ConclusionsConversion
    43 ConclusionsConversion of pine
    44 Mediterranean mountain forest soil
    45 MethodsSoil CO2
    46 N2O efflux
    47 N2O efflux rates
    48 Pyrenean oak
    49 ResultsPine
    50 SOC content
    51 Scots
    52 Soil N2O efflux rates
    53 Spain
    54 background
    55 biomass
    56 carbon decomposability
    57 central Spain
    58 community composition
    59 composition
    60 composition shift
    61 content
    62 decomposability
    63 effect
    64 effects of trees
    65 efflux
    66 efflux rate
    67 expansion
    68 field
    69 forest
    70 forest soil
    71 higher soil CO2 efflux
    72 incubation
    73 lab incubations
    74 long run
    75 microbial biomass
    76 microbial community composition
    77 mixed stands
    78 mountain forest soil
    79 oak
    80 oak forests
    81 pine
    82 pine stands
    83 potential expansion
    84 rate
    85 region
    86 results
    87 run
    88 samples
    89 seasonal snapshot
    90 sensitivity
    91 shift
    92 snapshot
    93 soil
    94 soil CO2
    95 soil CO2 efflux
    96 soil N2O efflux
    97 soil microbial biomass
    98 soil microbial community composition
    99 species
    100 stands
    101 temperature sensitivity
    102 topsoil samples
    103 tree species
    104 trees
    105 schema:name Effects of tree species composition on the CO2 and N2O efflux of a Mediterranean mountain forest soil
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