Monitoring the decline in AM fungus populations and efficacy during a long term bare fallow View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-05

AUTHORS

David D. Douds, Gerald Nagahashi, David O. Wilson, Jeff Moyer

ABSTRACT

Producing nonmycorrhizal plants in the field is a challenge due to the ubiquitous distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal [AM] fungi and impacts of chemical treatments upon nontarget organisms. A field plot was covered with ground cover fabric to prohibit plant growth and take advantage of the obligate symbiotic nature of AM fungi to selectively starve and remove them from the soil microbiological community. The decline in the AM fungus population was monitored through spore counts and most probable number bioassays. Response to inoculation experiments were conducted to contrast the response of Allium porrum L. to inoculation with in vitro produced spores of Glomus intraradices Schenck and Smith when plants were grown in the AM fungus-depleted soil vs. soil from an adjacent, cropped plot. Data indicated a strongly diminished, yet still viable population of AM fungi after 39 months of bare fallow. Plants grown in cropped soil showed no growth response nor increase in percentage root length colonized as a result of inoculation, while the response to inoculation of plants grown in the covered soil increased as the population of AM fungi declined below 1 propagule cm−3. More... »

PAGES

319-326

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-12. Soil solarization reduces arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as a consequence of weed suppression in MYCORRHIZA
  • 1993-03. Effects of erosion on ecto- and VA-mycorrhizal inoculum potential of soil following forest fire in southwest Oregon in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2000. Stomatal Behavior of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Plants in ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAS: PHYSIOLOGY AND FUNCTION
  • 1999-08. Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhiza in Castanospermum australe A. Cunn. & C. Fraser and effects on growth and production of castanospermine in MYCORRHIZA
  • 1997-11. Indigenous populations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and soil aggregate stability are major determinants of leek (Allium porrum L.) response to inoculation with Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith or Glomus versiforme (Karsten) Berch in MYCORRHIZA
  • 1998-06. Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) depends on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for growth and P uptake at intermediate but not high soil P levels in the field in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2000-02. Creation of a non-mycorrhizal control for a bioassay of AM effectiveness in MYCORRHIZA
  • 2008-06. Pre-inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increases early nutrient concentration and growth of field-grown leeks under high productivity conditions in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2002-01. The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant community establishment at Samphire Hoe, Kent, UK – the reclamation platform created during the building of the Channel tunnel between France and UK in BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
  • 2008-07. Suitability of mycorrhiza-defective mutant/wildtype plant pairs (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv Micro-Tom) to address questions in mycorrhizal soil ecology in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 1991-01. Solubilization of gellan gels by chelation of cations in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Plant and Soil

    ISSUE

    1-2

    VOLUME

    342

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11104-010-0697-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0697-3

    DIMENSIONS

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