Identification of tapetum-specific genes by comparing global gene expression of four different male sterile lines in Brassica oleracea View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-02-25

AUTHORS

Yuan Ma, Jungen Kang, Jian Wu, Yingguo Zhu, Xiaowu Wang

ABSTRACT

The tapetum plays an important role in anther development by providing necessary enzymes and nutrients for pollen development. However, it is difficult to identify tapetum-specific genes on a large-scale because of the difficulty of separating tapetum cells from other anther tissues. Here, we reported the identification of tapetum-specific genes by comparing the gene expression patterns of four male sterile (MS) lines of Brassica oleracea. The abortive phenotypes of the four MS lines revealed different defects in tapetum and pollen development but normal anther wall development when observed by transmission electron microscopy. These tapetum displayed continuous defective characteristics throughout the anther developmental stages. The transcriptome from flower buds, covering all anther developmental stages, was analyzed and bioinformatics analyses exploring tapetum development-related genes were performed. We identified 1,005 genes differentially expressed in at least one of the MS lines and 104 were non-pollen expressed genes (NPGs). Most of the identified NPGs were tapetum-specific genes considering that anther walls were normally developed in all four MS lines. Among the 104 NPGs, 22 genes were previously reported as being involved in tapetum development. We further separated the expressed NPGs into different developmental stages based on the MS defects. The data obtained in this study are not only informative for research on tapetum development in B. oleracea, but are also useful for genetic pathway research in other related species. More... »

PAGES

541-554

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-01. Identification of anther-specific genes in a cruciferous model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, by using a combination of Arabidopsis macroarray and mRNA derived from Brassica oleracea in PLANT REPRODUCTION
  • 1999-09. Programmed-cell-death events during tapetum development of angiosperms in PROTOPLASMA
  • 1999-01. Anther developmental defects in Arabidopsis thaliana male-sterile mutants in PLANT REPRODUCTION
  • 2007-11-28. Global analysis of gene expression in flower buds of Ms-cd1Brassica oleracea conferring male sterility by using an Arabidopsis microarray in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1992-07. The isolation and characterisation of the tapetum-specific Arabidopsis thaliana A9 gene in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1990-10. Induction of male sterility in plants by a chimaeric ribonuclease gene in NATURE
  • 1998-05. Biogenesis and function of the lipidic structures of pollen grains in PLANT REPRODUCTION
  • 2002-07. Comparative study of promoter activity of three anther-specific genes encoding lipid transfer protein, xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase and polygalacturonase in transgenic Arabidopsisthaliana in PLANT CELL REPORTS
  • 2005-06. Genome-wide expression profiling and identification of gene activities during early flower development in Arabidopsis in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1995-03. Ultrastructure of microsporogenesis and microgametogenesis inArabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. ecotype Wassilewskija (Brassicaceae) in PROTOPLASMA
  • 1992-01. Synthesis of Brassica oleracea/Brassica napus somatic hybrid plants with novel organeile DNA compositions in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2004-10-27. Transcriptome analysis of haploid male gametophyte development in Arabidopsis in GENOME BIOLOGY
  • 2012-02-15. AMS-dependent and independent regulation of anther transcriptome and comparison with those affected by other Arabidopsis anther genes in BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11103-015-0287-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-015-0287-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25711971


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