Promotion of flowering and reduction of a generation time in apple seedlings by ectopical expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana FT ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-12-05

AUTHORS

Noriko Yamagishi, Shintaro Sasaki, Kousuke Yamagata, Sadao Komori, Momoyo Nagase, Masato Wada, Toshiya Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Yoshikawa

ABSTRACT

Tree crops have a long juvenile period which is a serious constraint for genetic improvement and experimental research. For example, apple remains in a juvenile phase for more than five years after seed germination. Here, we report about induction of rapid flowering in apple seedlings using the Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vector expressing a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene from Arabidopsis thaliana. Apple seedlings could be flowered at 1.5–2 months after inoculation to cotyledons of seeds just after germination with ALSV expressing the FT gene. A half of precocious flowers was normal in appearance with sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils. Pollen from a precocious flower successfully pollinated flowers of ‘Fuji’ apple from which fruits developed normally and next-generation seeds were produced. Our system using the ALSV vector promoted flowering time of apple seedlings within two months after germination and shortened the generation time from seed germination to next-generation seed maturation to within 7 months when pollen from precocious flowers was used for pollination. More... »

PAGES

193-204

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2009-06-04. Virus-induced gene silencing in soybean seeds and the emergence stage of soybean plants with Apple latent spherical virus vectors in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2010-09-01. Over-expression of an FT-homologous gene of apple induces early flowering in annual and perennial plants in PLANTA
  • 2007-06-30. Characterization of virus-induced gene silencing in tobacco plants infected with apple latent spherical virus in ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY
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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11103-010-9718-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-010-9718-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21132560


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    37 schema:description Tree crops have a long juvenile period which is a serious constraint for genetic improvement and experimental research. For example, apple remains in a juvenile phase for more than five years after seed germination. Here, we report about induction of rapid flowering in apple seedlings using the Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vector expressing a FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene from Arabidopsis thaliana. Apple seedlings could be flowered at 1.5–2 months after inoculation to cotyledons of seeds just after germination with ALSV expressing the FT gene. A half of precocious flowers was normal in appearance with sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils. Pollen from a precocious flower successfully pollinated flowers of ‘Fuji’ apple from which fruits developed normally and next-generation seeds were produced. Our system using the ALSV vector promoted flowering time of apple seedlings within two months after germination and shortened the generation time from seed germination to next-generation seed maturation to within 7 months when pollen from precocious flowers was used for pollination.
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