The demand for contrastive explanations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-05

AUTHORS

Nadine Elzein

ABSTRACT

A “contrastive explanation” explains not only why some event A occurred, but why A occurred as opposed to some alternative event B. Some philosophers argue that agents could only be morally responsible for their choices if those choices have contrastive explanations, since they would otherwise be “luck infested”. Assuming that contrastive explanations cannot be offered for causally undetermined events, this requirement entails that no one could be held responsible for a causally undetermined choice. Such arguments challenge incompatibilism, since they entail that causal determinism is a prerequisite for moral responsibility. However, I argue that for a significant class of choices, even if we stipulate that they are determined, we will be unable to provide a relevant contrastive explanation. Hence causal determinism is no remedy for luck infestation, and compatibilists do not fare much better than incompatibilists in the face of this requirement. This should serve to weaken its philosophical appeal. More... »

PAGES

1325-1339

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Philosophical Studies

ISSUE

5

VOLUME

176

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11098-018-1065-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11098-018-1065-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101178113


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