Promotion as contrastive increase in expected fit View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-05

AUTHORS

Nathaniel Sharadin, Finnur Dellsén

ABSTRACT

What is required for an action to promote the satisfaction of a desire? We reject extant answers and propose an alternative. Our account differs from competing answers in two ways: first, it is contrastive, in that actions promote the satisfaction of desires only as contrasted with other possible actions. Second, it employs a notion of expected fit between desire and world, defined as the weighted sum of the fit between the desire and the world in all possible outcomes, where each weight is given by the probability of the agent’s obtaining the relevant outcome. According to our proposal, then, an action promotes a desire when the expected fit for the desire given that the agent performs the action is greater than the expected fit of the desire given that the agent performs the contrasting action. We highlight this account’s attractive features and explain how it improves on its competitors. More... »

PAGES

1263-1290

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-07. Probabilistic promotion revisited in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • 2015-05. Problems for pure probabilism about promotion (and a disjunctive alternative) in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • 2016-01. Why I’m still a proportionalist in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • 2014-02. Still waiting for a plausible Humean theory of reasons in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • 2013-11. Reason claims and contrastivism about reasons in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11098-018-1062-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11098-018-1062-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101199232


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