Intestinal Lymphatic Transport Enhances the Post-Prandial Oral Bioavailability of a Novel Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist Via Avoidance of First-Pass Metabolism View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-06

AUTHORS

Natalie L. Trevaskis, David M. Shackleford, William N. Charman, Glenn A. Edwards, Anne Gardin, Silke Appel-Dingemanse, Olivier Kretz, Bruno Galli, Christopher J. H. Porter

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine the effect of food on the oral bioavailability of a highly lipophilic, cannabinoid receptor agonist (CRA13) and to explore the basis for the food effect in lymph-cannulated and non-cannulated dogs. METHODS: Oral bioavailability was assessed in fasted and fed human volunteers and in lymph-cannulated dogs. In fasted dogs, the extent of absorption and oral bioavailability was also examined following administration of radiolabelled CRA13. RESULTS: Food had a substantial positive effect on the oral bioavailability of CRA13 in human volunteers (4.3-4.9 fold increase in AUC(0 - infinity)) and in dogs. The absolute bioavailability of parent drug was low in fasted dogs (8-20%), in spite of good absorption (72-75% of radiolabelled CRA13 recovered in the systemic circulation). In post-prandial lymph-cannulated dogs, bioavailability increased to 47.5% and the majority (43.7%) of the dose was absorbed via the intestinal lymphatic system. CONCLUSIONS: The positive food effect for CRA13 does not appear to result from increased post-prandial absorption. Rather these data provide one of the first examples of a significant increase in bioavailability for a highly lipophilic drug, which is stimulated via almost complete post-prandial transport into the lymph, in turn resulting in a reduction in first-pass metabolism. More... »

PAGES

1486

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11095-009-9860-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-009-9860-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045089363

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19280324


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51 schema:description PURPOSE: To examine the effect of food on the oral bioavailability of a highly lipophilic, cannabinoid receptor agonist (CRA13) and to explore the basis for the food effect in lymph-cannulated and non-cannulated dogs. METHODS: Oral bioavailability was assessed in fasted and fed human volunteers and in lymph-cannulated dogs. In fasted dogs, the extent of absorption and oral bioavailability was also examined following administration of radiolabelled CRA13. RESULTS: Food had a substantial positive effect on the oral bioavailability of CRA13 in human volunteers (4.3-4.9 fold increase in AUC(0 - infinity)) and in dogs. The absolute bioavailability of parent drug was low in fasted dogs (8-20%), in spite of good absorption (72-75% of radiolabelled CRA13 recovered in the systemic circulation). In post-prandial lymph-cannulated dogs, bioavailability increased to 47.5% and the majority (43.7%) of the dose was absorbed via the intestinal lymphatic system. CONCLUSIONS: The positive food effect for CRA13 does not appear to result from increased post-prandial absorption. Rather these data provide one of the first examples of a significant increase in bioavailability for a highly lipophilic drug, which is stimulated via almost complete post-prandial transport into the lymph, in turn resulting in a reduction in first-pass metabolism.
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