Stimulation of Phagocytic Activity of Alveolar Macrophages Toward Artificial Microspheres by Infection with Mycobacteria View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-06

AUTHORS

Keiji Hirota, Keishiro Tomoda, Hiroyuki Inagawa, Chie Kohchi, Gen-Ichiro Soma, Kimiko Makino, Hiroshi Terada

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to know the effect of uptake of mycobacteria on the phagocytic activity of alveolar macrophage (Mphi) cells toward poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) microspheres (MS) loaded with the anti-tuberculosis agent rifampicin (RFP-PLGA MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biological functions such as phagocytic activity toward PLGA MS loaded with fluorescent coumarin (cPLGA MS) and toward polystyrene latex MS (PSL MS), and generation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide (NO) were examined using alveolar Mphi cell NR8383 after they had phagocytosed Mycobacterium bovis Calmette-Guérin (BCG), heat-killed BCG (h-kBCG) or Escherichia coli. RESULTS: The ingestion of BCG, h-kBCG, and E. coli did not affect the viability of the Mphi cells within 2 days. The phagocytosis caused generation of TNF-alpha and NO, being more significant with E. coli than with both types of BCGs. The phagocytosis of both types of BCGs stimulated the phagocytic uptake of cPLGA and PSL MS's, which took place prior to the generation of TNF-alpha or NO, but that of E. coli suppressed the uptake of both MS's. CONCLUSION: Mycobacterial infection stimulated the phagocytic uptake toward cPLGA MS. These results suggest that RFP-PLGA MS is favorable for overcoming tuberculosis. More... »

PAGES

1420-1430

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11095-007-9525-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-007-9525-8

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18172577


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