Hydrogen Cyanide Production due to Mid-Size Impacts in a Redox-Neutral N2-Rich Atmosphere View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-06

AUTHORS

Kosuke Kurosawa, Seiji Sugita, Ko Ishibashi, Sunao Hasegawa, Yasuhito Sekine, Nanako O. Ogawa, Toshihiko Kadono, Sohsuke Ohno, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Yoichi Nagaoka, Takafumi Matsui

ABSTRACT

Cyanide compounds are amongst the most important molecules of the origin of life. Here, we demonstrate the importance of mid-size (0.1–1 km in diameter) hence frequent meteoritic impacts to the cyanide inventory on the early Earth. Subsequent aerodynamic ablation and chemical reactions with the ambient atmosphere after oblique impacts were investigated by both impact and laser experiments. A polycarbonate projectile and graphite were used as laboratory analogs of meteoritic organic matter. Spectroscopic observations of impact-generated ablation vapors show that laser irradiation to graphite within an N2-rich gas can produce a thermodynamic environment similar to that produced by oblique impacts. Thus, laser ablation was used to investigate the final chemical products after this aerodynamic process. We found that a significant fraction (>0.1 mol%) of the vaporized carbon is converted to HCN and cyanide condensates, even when the ambient gas contains as much as a few hundred mbar of CO2. As such, the column density of cyanides after carbon-rich meteoritic impacts with diameters of 600 m would reach ~10 mol/m2 over ~102 km2 under early Earth conditions. Such a temporally and spatially concentrated supply of cyanides may have played an important role in the origin of life. More... »

PAGES

221-245

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11084-013-9339-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11084-013-9339-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021868315

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23877440


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    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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