Enhanced Synthesis of Alkyl Amino Acids in Miller’s 1958 H2S Experiment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Eric T. Parker, H. James Cleaves, Michael P. Callahan, Jason P. Dworkin, Daniel P. Glavin, Antonio Lazcano, Jeffrey L. Bada

ABSTRACT

Stanley Miller's 1958 H(2)S-containing experiment, which included a simulated prebiotic atmosphere of methane (CH(4)), ammonia (NH(3)), carbon dioxide (CO(2)), and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) produced several alkyl amino acids, including the α-, β-, and γ-isomers of aminobutyric acid (ABA) in greater relative yields than had previously been reported from his spark discharge experiments. In the presence of H(2)S, aspartic and glutamic acids could yield alkyl amino acids via the formation of thioimide intermediates. Radical chemistry initiated by passing H(2)S through a spark discharge could have also enhanced alkyl amino acid synthesis by generating alkyl radicals that can help form the aldehyde and ketone precursors to these amino acids. We propose mechanisms that may have influenced the synthesis of certain amino acids in localized environments rich in H(2)S and lightning discharges, similar to conditions near volcanic systems on the early Earth, thus contributing to the prebiotic chemical inventory of the primordial Earth. More... »

PAGES

569-574

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11084-011-9253-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11084-011-9253-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013655031

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22139514


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