Increased Dopaminergic Neuron Sensitivity to 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) in Transgenic Mice Expressing Mutant A53T α-Synuclein View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-05

AUTHORS

Wai Haung Yu, Yasuji Matsuoka, István Sziráki, Audrey Hashim, John LaFrancois, Henry Sershen, Karen E. Duff

ABSTRACT

Familial Parkinson's disease (PD) has been linked to point mutations and duplication of the alpha-synuclein gene and mutant alpha-synuclein expression increases the vulnerability of neurons to exogenous insults. In this study, we analyzed the levels of dopamine and its metabolites in the olfactory bulb (OB), and nigrostriatal regions of transgenic mice expressing human, mutant A53T alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn tg) and their non-transgenic (ntg) littermates using a sub-toxic, moderate dose of MPTP to determine if mutant human alpha-synuclein sensitizes the central dopaminergic systems to oxidative stress. We observed that after a single, sub-lethal MPTP injection, dopamine levels were reduced in striatum and SN in both the alpha-syn tg and ntg mice. In the olfactory bulb, a region usually resistant to MPTP toxicity, levels were reduced only in the alpha-syn tg mice. In addition, we identified a significant increase in dopamine metabolism in the alpha-syn transgenic, but not ntg mice. Finally, MPTP treatment of alpha-syn tg mice was associated with a marked elevation in the oxidative product, 3-nitrotyrosine that co-migrated with alpha-synuclein. Cumulatively, the data support the hypothesis that mutant alpha-synuclein sensitizes dopaminergic neurons to neurotoxic insults and is associated with greater oxidative stress. The alpha-syn tg line is therefore useful to study the genetic and environmental inter-relationship in PD. More... »

PAGES

902-911

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11064-007-9533-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11064-007-9533-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052493281

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17999181


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