A comparative analysis of clinicopathological features and survival among early adolescents/young adults and children with low-grade glioma: a report from ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Ashley S. Margol, Kee Kiat Yeo, Caihong Xia, Arzu Onar, Nathan J. Robison, David R. Freyer, Girish Dhall

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For several types of cancer, biological differences and outcome disparities have been documented in adolescents/young adults (AYAs, 15-39 years old) versus children. This study compared clinicopathological features and survival between younger AYAs and children with low-grade glioma (LGG), a common brain tumor among AYAs. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of Children's Oncology Group legacy study CCG-9891/POG-9130, which enrolled participants 0-21 years of age with newly-diagnosed LGG treated with surgery alone. For analysis, participants were categorized as children (0-14 years old) or early AYAs (eAYAs, 15-21 years old) and compared on demographics, clinical presentation, tumor characteristics, surgical outcomes, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Among 468 children and 50 eAYAs, more eAYAs presented with seizures (34.0% vs. 19.2%; p = 0.015), without other significant differences in clinicopathological features. 5-year PFS rates for children and eAYA were 80.2% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 76.1-83.7) and 83.0% (95% CI 68.8-91.1), respectively; 5-year OS rates were 97.3% (95% CI 95.2-98.5) and 95.4% (95% CI 82.7-98.8), respectively. Multivariable analysis including all participants showed presence of residual tumor to be an independent predictor of PFS (< 1.5 cm3, hazard ratio [HR] 5.93 [95% CI 3.45-10.18]) and (≥ 1.5 cm3, HR 8.38 [95% CI 4.75-14.79]) (p < 0.001), while midline-chiasmatic location (HR 9.69 [95% CI 3.05-30.75], p < 0.001) and non-pilocytic astrocytoma histology (HR 6.77 [95% CI 2.35-19.49], p < 0.001) were independent predictors of OS. CONCLUSION: Unlike several other cancers, LGG has similar presenting features and survival for both eAYAs and children. This support continuing a unified treatment approach and enrollment of eAYAs in pediatric clinical trials for LGGs. More... »

PAGES

575-582

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11060-018-2983-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-018-2983-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106470039

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30173409


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