Rescue of American chestnut with extraspecific genes following its destruction by a naturalized pathogen View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12-10

AUTHORS

Kim C. Steiner, Jared W. Westbrook, Frederick V. Hebard, Laura L. Georgi, William A. Powell, Sara F. Fitzsimmons

ABSTRACT

Following the near-obliteration of American chestnut (Castanea dentata [Marsh.] Borkh.) by the chestnut blight early in the last century, interest in its restoration has been revived by efforts to develop a blight-resistant form of the species. We summarize progress and outline future steps in two approaches: (1) a system of hybridizing with a blight-resistant chestnut species and then backcrossing repeatedly to recover the American type and (2) transformation of American chestnut with a resistance-conferring transgene followed by propagation and conventional breeding. Several decades of effort have been invested in each approach. More work remains, but results indicate that success is within practical reach. The restoration of C. dentata to its native habitat now appears to be less a matter of time and conjecture than ever before in 90 years of work by public and private entities. The difficult and protracted task of incorporating extraspecific genes for resistance into a tree species with lethal susceptibility to a naturalized pathogen represents perhaps the most extreme of restoration challenges. Its pursuit by a small non-governmental organization supported primarily by philanthropy and volunteers may serve as a model for other species threatened by exotic pathogens or insects. More... »

PAGES

317-336

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2005-12-01. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of American chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.) somatic embryos in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
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  • 2008-04-30. Expressing a gene encoding wheat oxalate oxidase enhances resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) in PLANTA
  • 2012-03-19. Chestnut resistance to the blight disease: insights from transcriptome analysis in BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
  • 2012-09-29. Impacts of the emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) induced ash (Fraxinus spp.) mortality on forest carbon cycling and successional dynamics in the eastern United States in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
  • 2015-05-14. Uncovering genetic information from commercial forest plantations—making up for lost time using “Breeding without Breeding” in TREE GENETICS & GENOMES
  • 2012-11-08. A physical map of the Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) genome and its integration with the genetic map in TREE GENETICS & GENOMES
  • 2015-10-05. Substantial genome synteny preservation among woody angiosperm species: comparative genomics of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) and plant reference genomes in BMC GENOMICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11056-016-9561-5

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11056-016-9561-5

    DIMENSIONS

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