Dendroclimatological analysis of seeded and thinned Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stands at the coniferous timberline View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-05

AUTHORS

Samuli Helama, Hannu Salminen, Mauri Timonen, Martti Varmola

ABSTRACT

Radial growth was examined in two Scots pine stands that were seeded during the 1920s and 1930s due to reforestation and afforestation activity on the timberline of northern Finnish Lapland. Tree-rings of seeded pines were calibrated against the instrumental records of local weather and large-scale atmospheric patterns and further compared to pines of natural origin on the timberline. The studied stands were shown to contain common growth variability that differed from the variability of natural pines. Deviating growth of seeded pines was attributed to their only moderate growth dependence on mid-summer (July) temperatures and, likewise, their strong dependence on the autumn climate in the previous year, and linked to the different genetic origin of artificial stands due to southern seeds. Stands were thinned for different densities in 1985 and 1986. The growth response to thinning was markedly better than could be expected according to previous studies. We found that the positive growth reaction conceivably benefited from the ameliorated winter conditions, expressed as warmed (March) temperatures and the prolonged positive phase of the Arctic Oscillation (February). The results emphasize the determining influence of climatic fluctuations on reforestation and afforestation near the distributional limits of tree species. More... »

PAGES

267-284

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11056-007-9076-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11056-007-9076-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010057184


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49 schema:description Radial growth was examined in two Scots pine stands that were seeded during the 1920s and 1930s due to reforestation and afforestation activity on the timberline of northern Finnish Lapland. Tree-rings of seeded pines were calibrated against the instrumental records of local weather and large-scale atmospheric patterns and further compared to pines of natural origin on the timberline. The studied stands were shown to contain common growth variability that differed from the variability of natural pines. Deviating growth of seeded pines was attributed to their only moderate growth dependence on mid-summer (July) temperatures and, likewise, their strong dependence on the autumn climate in the previous year, and linked to the different genetic origin of artificial stands due to southern seeds. Stands were thinned for different densities in 1985 and 1986. The growth response to thinning was markedly better than could be expected according to previous studies. We found that the positive growth reaction conceivably benefited from the ameliorated winter conditions, expressed as warmed (March) temperatures and the prolonged positive phase of the Arctic Oscillation (February). The results emphasize the determining influence of climatic fluctuations on reforestation and afforestation near the distributional limits of tree species.
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