Size-controlled synthesis of Mn3O4 nanoparticles: characterization and defect chemistry View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Mohamed I. Said, Bernd Harbrecht

ABSTRACT

Identification of defect chemistry and variation of particle size are key factors for understanding many intrinsic properties of materials. Herein, size selective synthesis of Mn3O4 nanoparticles was performed by precipitation of Mn(OH)2 via NaOH or ammonia followed by air oxidation in ethanol/water solution. The amount of ethanol in water affects the average particle size that drops from ~ 25 nm in pure water to ~ 10 nm in 95% EtOH/H2O. TEM studies showed that the Mn3O4 samples have a sphere-cube like morphologies. Calculation of site occupancy factor and unit cell parameters via Rietveld analysis and the excess mass of Mn3O4 samples depending on size by thermogravimetric analysis and IR revealed that the cationic deficiency observed in the structure of the smallest size sample is compensated mainly by anionic vacancies. Ideal spinel structure was found for largest size sample. The degree of tetragonal distortion (c/2 a) of Mn3O4 unit cell increases with particle size. More... »

PAGES

68

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1968-01. Solubility of oxygen in ethanol — Water mixtures in JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY
  • 2005-09. Pathways of birnessite formation in alkali medium in SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2007-03. Low temperature synthesis and characterization of Mn3O4 nanoparticles in CENTRAL EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11051-019-4502-9

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11051-019-4502-9

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