Silver, gold, and alloyed silver–gold nanoparticles: characterization and comparative cell-biologic action View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-09-07

AUTHORS

Dirk Mahl, Jörg Diendorf, Simon Ristig, Christina Greulich, Zi-An Li, Michael Farle, Manfred Köller, Matthias Epple

ABSTRACT

Silver, gold, and silver–gold-alloy nanoparticles were prepared by citrate reduction modified by the addition of tannin during the synthesis, leading to a reduction in particle size by a factor of three. Nanoparticles can be prepared by this easy water-based synthesis and subsequently functionalized by the addition of either tris(3-sulfonatophenyl)phosphine or poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone). The resulting nanoparticles of silver (diameter 15–25 nm), gold (5–6 nm), and silver–gold (50:50; 10–12 nm) were easily dispersable in water and also in cell culture media (RPMI + 10 % fetal calf serum), as shown by nanoparticle tracking analysis and differential centrifugal sedimentation. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed a polycrystalline nature of all nanoparticles. EDX on single silver–gold nanoparticles indicated that the concentration of gold is higher inside a nanoparticle. The biologic action of the nanoparticles toward human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) was different: Silver nanoparticles showed a significant concentration-dependent influence on the viability of hMSC. Gold nanoparticles showed only a small effect on the viability of hMSC after 7 days. Surprisingly, silver–gold nanoparticles had no significant influence on the viability of hMSC despite the silver content. Silver nanoparticles and silver–gold nanoparticles in the concentration range of 5–20 μg mL−1 induced the activation of hMSC as indicated by the release of IL-8. In contrast, gold nanoparticles led to a reduction of the release of IL-6 and IL-8. More... »

PAGES

1153

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11051-012-1153-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11051-012-1153-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008977049


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