BAT: real-time inaudible sound capture with smartphones View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-08-17

AUTHORS

Dingwei Tan, Yuliang Lu, Xuehu Yan, Longlong Li

ABSTRACT

People tend to store important information on air-gapped devices and believe that the information is safe. But in recent years, more and more methods have been proposed to exfiltrate information from an air-gapped system. The methods of breaking through air-gapped can be divided into electromagnetic, thermal, acoustic and optical covert channels. Acoustic covert channels are studied by many researchers and no researchers have focused on real-time communication using inaudible sound. In this paper we propose BAT, a novel real-time bidirectional communication system. By using sounds, BAT enables unobtrusive speaker-microphone data communication without affecting the primary audio-hearing experience of users. We first design a real-time covert communication system using inaudible frequencies. It can be implemented on off-the-shelf smartphones. Compared with other methods, our method is completely using inaudible frequencies and real-time covert communication is realized. Experiments show that BAT can achieve high decoding rate and better imperceptibility in various environments. The designed program BAT is highly practical. More... »

PAGES

33313-33327

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140468564


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0801", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412110.7", 
          "name": [
            "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tan", 
        "givenName": "Dingwei", 
        "id": "sg:person.013331746043.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013331746043.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412110.7", 
          "name": [
            "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lu", 
        "givenName": "Yuliang", 
        "id": "sg:person.015112370271.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015112370271.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412110.7", 
          "name": [
            "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yan", 
        "givenName": "Xuehu", 
        "id": "sg:person.010467364517.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010467364517.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412110.7", 
          "name": [
            "National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Li", 
        "givenName": "Longlong", 
        "id": "sg:person.014776417601.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014776417601.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-60876-1_8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090045908", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60876-1_8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-49380-8_10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048301811", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-49380-8_10"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-66399-9_6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091160329", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66399-9_6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-08-17", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-08-17", 
    "description": "People tend to store important information on air-gapped devices and believe that the information is safe. But in recent years, more and more methods have been proposed to exfiltrate information from an air-gapped system. The methods of breaking through air-gapped can be divided into electromagnetic, thermal, acoustic and optical covert channels. Acoustic covert channels are studied by many researchers and no researchers have focused on real-time communication using inaudible sound. In this paper we propose BAT, a novel real-time bidirectional communication system. By using sounds, BAT enables unobtrusive speaker-microphone data communication without affecting the primary audio-hearing experience of users. We first design a real-time covert communication system using inaudible frequencies. It can be implemented on off-the-shelf smartphones. Compared with other methods, our method is completely using inaudible frequencies and real-time covert communication is realized. Experiments show that BAT can achieve high decoding rate and better imperceptibility in various environments. The designed program BAT is highly practical.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8304044", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1044869", 
        "issn": [
          "1380-7501", 
          "1573-7721"
        ], 
        "name": "Multimedia Tools and Applications", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "24", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "80"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "covert channels", 
      "optical covert channel", 
      "inaudible frequencies", 
      "real-time communication", 
      "high decoding rate", 
      "communication systems", 
      "covert communication system", 
      "good imperceptibility", 
      "decoding rate", 
      "data communication", 
      "shelf smartphones", 
      "covert communication", 
      "air gap system", 
      "sound capture", 
      "smartphones", 
      "inaudible sound", 
      "bidirectional communication system", 
      "communication", 
      "information", 
      "imperceptibility", 
      "air-gapped devices", 
      "more methods", 
      "recent years", 
      "users", 
      "system", 
      "important information", 
      "researchers", 
      "method", 
      "environment", 
      "channels", 
      "devices", 
      "sound", 
      "experiments", 
      "capture", 
      "people", 
      "experience", 
      "frequency", 
      "rate", 
      "years", 
      "bats", 
      "paper"
    ], 
    "name": "BAT: real-time inaudible sound capture with smartphones", 
    "pagination": "33313-33327", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1140468564"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140468564"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:42", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_888.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

133 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      68 URIs      57 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:08
2 anzsrc-for:0801
3 schema:author N550f59bda5014920aa8052dec5ddc369
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-49380-8_10
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-60876-1_8
6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-66399-9_6
7 schema:datePublished 2021-08-17
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-08-17
9 schema:description People tend to store important information on air-gapped devices and believe that the information is safe. But in recent years, more and more methods have been proposed to exfiltrate information from an air-gapped system. The methods of breaking through air-gapped can be divided into electromagnetic, thermal, acoustic and optical covert channels. Acoustic covert channels are studied by many researchers and no researchers have focused on real-time communication using inaudible sound. In this paper we propose BAT, a novel real-time bidirectional communication system. By using sounds, BAT enables unobtrusive speaker-microphone data communication without affecting the primary audio-hearing experience of users. We first design a real-time covert communication system using inaudible frequencies. It can be implemented on off-the-shelf smartphones. Compared with other methods, our method is completely using inaudible frequencies and real-time covert communication is realized. Experiments show that BAT can achieve high decoding rate and better imperceptibility in various environments. The designed program BAT is highly practical.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf N7f17dcb4ff0e49ad922985d324976ebc
13 Nd121434665a84fe2a4b843d078d78ee4
14 sg:journal.1044869
15 schema:keywords air gap system
16 air-gapped devices
17 bats
18 bidirectional communication system
19 capture
20 channels
21 communication
22 communication systems
23 covert channels
24 covert communication
25 covert communication system
26 data communication
27 decoding rate
28 devices
29 environment
30 experience
31 experiments
32 frequency
33 good imperceptibility
34 high decoding rate
35 imperceptibility
36 important information
37 inaudible frequencies
38 inaudible sound
39 information
40 method
41 more methods
42 optical covert channel
43 paper
44 people
45 rate
46 real-time communication
47 recent years
48 researchers
49 shelf smartphones
50 smartphones
51 sound
52 sound capture
53 system
54 users
55 years
56 schema:name BAT: real-time inaudible sound capture with smartphones
57 schema:pagination 33313-33327
58 schema:productId N0ac6a171a4c043059caf64feac94b487
59 N1b665ab82b1d4419b794c25796d4631f
60 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140468564
61 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3
62 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:42
63 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
64 schema:sdPublisher Nf485fd60267a45f9a2dd315107515e49
65 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3
66 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
67 sgo:sdDataset articles
68 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
69 N0ac6a171a4c043059caf64feac94b487 schema:name dimensions_id
70 schema:value pub.1140468564
71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
72 N1b665ab82b1d4419b794c25796d4631f schema:name doi
73 schema:value 10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3
74 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
75 N550f59bda5014920aa8052dec5ddc369 rdf:first sg:person.013331746043.91
76 rdf:rest N76dac7be422045c9a7448f7e411b5a0b
77 N76dac7be422045c9a7448f7e411b5a0b rdf:first sg:person.015112370271.93
78 rdf:rest Nc61618b433734ba88d0addd13344eecb
79 N7f17dcb4ff0e49ad922985d324976ebc schema:volumeNumber 80
80 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
81 Na805bc3a4955495998a7f7fe8335d322 rdf:first sg:person.014776417601.86
82 rdf:rest rdf:nil
83 Nc61618b433734ba88d0addd13344eecb rdf:first sg:person.010467364517.31
84 rdf:rest Na805bc3a4955495998a7f7fe8335d322
85 Nd121434665a84fe2a4b843d078d78ee4 schema:issueNumber 24
86 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
87 Nf485fd60267a45f9a2dd315107515e49 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
88 rdf:type schema:Organization
89 anzsrc-for:08 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
90 schema:name Information and Computing Sciences
91 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
92 anzsrc-for:0801 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
93 schema:name Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 sg:grant.8304044 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-021-11372-3
96 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
97 sg:journal.1044869 schema:issn 1380-7501
98 1573-7721
99 schema:name Multimedia Tools and Applications
100 schema:publisher Springer Nature
101 rdf:type schema:Periodical
102 sg:person.010467364517.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412110.7
103 schema:familyName Yan
104 schema:givenName Xuehu
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010467364517.31
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 sg:person.013331746043.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412110.7
108 schema:familyName Tan
109 schema:givenName Dingwei
110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013331746043.91
111 rdf:type schema:Person
112 sg:person.014776417601.86 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412110.7
113 schema:familyName Li
114 schema:givenName Longlong
115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014776417601.86
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 sg:person.015112370271.93 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412110.7
118 schema:familyName Lu
119 schema:givenName Yuliang
120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015112370271.93
121 rdf:type schema:Person
122 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-49380-8_10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048301811
123 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-49380-8_10
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-60876-1_8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090045908
126 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60876-1_8
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-66399-9_6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091160329
129 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66399-9_6
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 grid-institutes:grid.412110.7 schema:alternateName National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China
132 schema:name National University of Defense Technology, 230037, Hefei, China
133 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...