A reversible data hiding scheme for JPEG images by doubling small quantized AC coefficients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-09-25

AUTHORS

Xiao-Zhu Xie, Chia-Chen Lin, Chin-Chen Chang

ABSTRACT

Reversible data hiding for Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) images has become popular in recent years, since JPEG images are widely used in practical applications. An improved reversible data hiding (RDH) method for JPEG images based on Huang et al.’s method is proposed. Huang et al. embedded data into discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients with values 1 and − 1 (i.e., the selected coefficients) using histogram shifting. After analyzing the statistical properties of quantized DCT coefficient blocks of the JPEG images, it was concluded that the vast majority of blocks have no alternating current (AC) coefficients with values in (3, −3, 4, −4), especially when the quality factor (QF) is low. For these blocks, we propose a method which extends the selected coefficients with values in (1, −1) to values in (1, −1, 2, −2), then embeds secret data into the selected coefficients by doubling them, while keeping the unselected coefficients unchanged. The extended method can improve the embedding capacity as well as the image quality. For the other blocks, Huang’s method is still applied. Experimental results verify that the proposed scheme can achieve higher embedding capacity, while maintaining a similar image quality and file size as other schemes did. More... »

PAGES

1-20

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2018-04. A survey of interpolation-based reversible data hiding methods in MULTIMEDIA TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS
  • 2007. Reversible Data Hiding for JPEG Images Based on Histogram Pairs in IMAGE ANALYSIS AND RECOGNITION
  • 2017-12. Improved reversible data hiding in JPEG images based on new coefficient selection strategy in EURASIP JOURNAL ON IMAGE AND VIDEO PROCESSING
  • 2010. A Reversible Data Hiding Scheme for JPEG Images in ADVANCES IN MULTIMEDIA INFORMATION PROCESSING - PCM 2010
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107232511


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0801", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Feng Chia University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411298.7", 
              "name": [
                "Engineering Research Center for Software Testing and Evaluation of Fujian Province, Xiamen University of Technology, 361024, Xiamen, China", 
                "Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science, Feng Chia University, 40724, Taichung, Taiwan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Xie", 
            "givenName": "Xiao-Zhu", 
            "id": "sg:person.014556424726.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014556424726.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Providence University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412550.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Computer Science and Information Management, Providence University, 43301, Taichung, Taiwan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lin", 
            "givenName": "Chia-Chen", 
            "id": "sg:person.013413075077.05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013413075077.05"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Feng Chia University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411298.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science, Feng Chia University, 40724, Taichung, Taiwan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chang", 
            "givenName": "Chin-Chen", 
            "id": "sg:person.07467446705.09", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07467446705.09"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465317", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001592836"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006430112", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006430112", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.083", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006814316"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.05.051", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022681835"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2007.02.019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026489192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2016.2573308", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035901162"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037064394", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037064394", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041775590"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.08.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044227846"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02564602.2015.1102099", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046736309"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2003.815962", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061574468"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2006.869964", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061574822"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2015.2473235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061576616"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2004.840686", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061641106"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2009.2035227", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061642356"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2013.2246179", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061643491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4304/jsw.5.2.214-224", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072452175"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091214437", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091214437", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13640-017-0206-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091496296", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13640-017-0206-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935083", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094639417"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/isita.2008.4895529", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094659593"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935100", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095763139"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-09-25", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-09-25", 
        "description": "Reversible data hiding for Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) images has become popular in recent years, since JPEG images are widely used in practical applications. An improved reversible data hiding (RDH) method for JPEG images based on Huang et al.\u2019s method is proposed. Huang et al. embedded data into discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients with values 1 and \u2212 1 (i.e., the selected coefficients) using histogram shifting. After analyzing the statistical properties of quantized DCT coefficient blocks of the JPEG images, it was concluded that the vast majority of blocks have no alternating current (AC) coefficients with values in (3, \u22123, 4, \u22124), especially when the quality factor (QF) is low. For these blocks, we propose a method which extends the selected coefficients with values in (1, \u22121) to values in (1, \u22121, 2, \u22122), then embeds secret data into the selected coefficients by doubling them, while keeping the unselected coefficients unchanged. The extended method can improve the embedding capacity as well as the image quality. For the other blocks, Huang\u2019s method is still applied. Experimental results verify that the proposed scheme can achieve higher embedding capacity, while maintaining a similar image quality and file size as other schemes did.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1044869", 
            "issn": [
              "1380-7501", 
              "1573-7721"
            ], 
            "name": "Multimedia Tools and Applications", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "A reversible data hiding scheme for JPEG images by doubling small quantized AC coefficients", 
        "pagination": "1-20", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "f290b57684520e1d25d41197d54f9bdcc94f39d8c38a010eb6d34294fe1b6cd7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107232511"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107232511"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T18:25", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8675_00000539.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11042-018-6651-8"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    143 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      46 URIs      16 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:08
    2 anzsrc-for:0801
    3 schema:author N2bb4fb85c1724fd2a125ff36381fd857
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2
    7 sg:pub.10.1186/s13640-017-0206-1
    8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2007.02.019
    9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.05.051
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.08.015
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.083
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.102
    13 https://doi.org/10.1080/02564602.2015.1102099
    14 https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2016.2573308
    15 https://doi.org/10.1109/isita.2008.4895529
    16 https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935083
    17 https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935100
    18 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2003.815962
    19 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2006.869964
    20 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2015.2473235
    21 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2004.840686
    22 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2009.2035227
    23 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2013.2246179
    24 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465317
    25 https://doi.org/10.4304/jsw.5.2.214-224
    26 schema:datePublished 2018-09-25
    27 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-09-25
    28 schema:description Reversible data hiding for Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) images has become popular in recent years, since JPEG images are widely used in practical applications. An improved reversible data hiding (RDH) method for JPEG images based on Huang et al.’s method is proposed. Huang et al. embedded data into discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients with values 1 and − 1 (i.e., the selected coefficients) using histogram shifting. After analyzing the statistical properties of quantized DCT coefficient blocks of the JPEG images, it was concluded that the vast majority of blocks have no alternating current (AC) coefficients with values in (3, −3, 4, −4), especially when the quality factor (QF) is low. For these blocks, we propose a method which extends the selected coefficients with values in (1, −1) to values in (1, −1, 2, −2), then embeds secret data into the selected coefficients by doubling them, while keeping the unselected coefficients unchanged. The extended method can improve the embedding capacity as well as the image quality. For the other blocks, Huang’s method is still applied. Experimental results verify that the proposed scheme can achieve higher embedding capacity, while maintaining a similar image quality and file size as other schemes did.
    29 schema:genre research_article
    30 schema:inLanguage en
    31 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    32 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1044869
    33 schema:name A reversible data hiding scheme for JPEG images by doubling small quantized AC coefficients
    34 schema:pagination 1-20
    35 schema:productId N238f3e13f42d4dae8d526d74696640cd
    36 N5864c1a0117e4d63a06337fdff9cddb3
    37 N587dce90f2544aa0a64f7728f3e6ede9
    38 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107232511
    39 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8
    40 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T18:25
    41 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    42 schema:sdPublisher N8e37123b201647029ed177096744885a
    43 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11042-018-6651-8
    44 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    45 sgo:sdDataset articles
    46 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    47 N238f3e13f42d4dae8d526d74696640cd schema:name readcube_id
    48 schema:value f290b57684520e1d25d41197d54f9bdcc94f39d8c38a010eb6d34294fe1b6cd7
    49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    50 N2bb4fb85c1724fd2a125ff36381fd857 rdf:first sg:person.014556424726.06
    51 rdf:rest Naa87c4499c44486989f18794f94b2039
    52 N5864c1a0117e4d63a06337fdff9cddb3 schema:name dimensions_id
    53 schema:value pub.1107232511
    54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    55 N587dce90f2544aa0a64f7728f3e6ede9 schema:name doi
    56 schema:value 10.1007/s11042-018-6651-8
    57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    58 N60394e75ae3344d3a81cba7f4f3548ab rdf:first sg:person.07467446705.09
    59 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    60 N8e37123b201647029ed177096744885a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    61 rdf:type schema:Organization
    62 Naa87c4499c44486989f18794f94b2039 rdf:first sg:person.013413075077.05
    63 rdf:rest N60394e75ae3344d3a81cba7f4f3548ab
    64 anzsrc-for:08 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    65 schema:name Information and Computing Sciences
    66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    67 anzsrc-for:0801 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    68 schema:name Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing
    69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    70 sg:journal.1044869 schema:issn 1380-7501
    71 1573-7721
    72 schema:name Multimedia Tools and Applications
    73 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    74 sg:person.013413075077.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412550.7
    75 schema:familyName Lin
    76 schema:givenName Chia-Chen
    77 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013413075077.05
    78 rdf:type schema:Person
    79 sg:person.014556424726.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411298.7
    80 schema:familyName Xie
    81 schema:givenName Xiao-Zhu
    82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014556424726.06
    83 rdf:type schema:Person
    84 sg:person.07467446705.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411298.7
    85 schema:familyName Chang
    86 schema:givenName Chin-Chen
    87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07467446705.09
    88 rdf:type schema:Person
    89 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006430112
    90 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74260-9_64
    91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    92 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037064394
    93 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15702-8_60
    94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    95 sg:pub.10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091214437
    96 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-017-5066-2
    97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    98 sg:pub.10.1186/s13640-017-0206-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091496296
    99 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13640-017-0206-1
    100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    101 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2007.02.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026489192
    102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    103 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.05.051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022681835
    104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    105 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2011.08.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044227846
    106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    107 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006814316
    108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    109 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.03.102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041775590
    110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    111 https://doi.org/10.1080/02564602.2015.1102099 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046736309
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2016.2573308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035901162
    114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    115 https://doi.org/10.1109/isita.2008.4895529 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094659593
    116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    117 https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094639417
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 https://doi.org/10.1109/iwbf.2017.7935100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095763139
    120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    121 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2003.815962 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061574468
    122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    123 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2006.869964 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061574822
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2015.2473235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061576616
    126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    127 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2004.840686 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061641106
    128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    129 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2009.2035227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061642356
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 https://doi.org/10.1109/tip.2013.2246179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1061643491
    132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    133 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465317 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001592836
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 https://doi.org/10.4304/jsw.5.2.214-224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072452175
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411298.7 schema:alternateName Feng Chia University
    138 schema:name Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science, Feng Chia University, 40724, Taichung, Taiwan
    139 Engineering Research Center for Software Testing and Evaluation of Fujian Province, Xiamen University of Technology, 361024, Xiamen, China
    140 rdf:type schema:Organization
    141 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412550.7 schema:alternateName Providence University
    142 schema:name Department of Computer Science and Information Management, Providence University, 43301, Taichung, Taiwan
    143 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...