Depths of Copernican Craters on Lunar Maria and Highlands View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-01-29

AUTHORS

E. A. Feoktistova, S. I. Ipatov

ABSTRACT

We present a study on the relationship between the ratio of the depth of a crater to its diameter and the diameter for lunar craters both on the maria and on the highlands. We consider craters younger than 1.1 billion years in age, i.e. of Copernican period. The aim of this work is to improve our understanding of such relationships based on our new estimates of the craters’s depth and diameter. Previous studies considered similar relationships for much older craters (up to 3.2 billion years). We calculated the depths of craters with diameters from 10 to 100 km based on the altitude profiles derived from data obtained by the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). The obtained ratios h/D of the depths h of the craters to their diameters D can differ by up to a factor of two for craters with almost the same values of diameters. The linear and power approximations (regressions) of the dependence of h/D on D were made for simple and complex Copernican craters selected from the data from Mazrouei et al. (Science 363:253–255, 2019) and Losiak et al. (Lunar Impact Crater Database, 2015). For the separation of highland craters into two groups based only on their dependences of h/D on D, at D < 18 km these are mostly simple craters, although some complex craters can have diameters D ≥ 16 km. Depths of mare craters with D ≤ 14 km are greater than 0.15D. Following Pike’s (Lunar Planet Sci XII:845–847, 1981) classification, we group mare craters of D < 15 km as simple craters. Mare craters with 15 < D < 18 km fit both approximation curves for simple and complex craters. Depths of mare craters with D > 18 km are in a better agreement with the approximation curve of h/D versus D for complex craters than for simple craters. At the same diameter, mare craters are deeper than highland craters at a diameter smaller than 30–40 km. For greater diameters, highland craters are deeper. The values of h/D for our approximation curves are mainly smaller than the values of the curve by Pike (in: Roddy, Pepin, Merrill (eds) Impact and explosion cratering: planetary and terrestrial implications, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1977) at D < 15 km. Only for mare craters at D < 11 km, our approximation curve is a little higher than the curve by Pike (1977). For our power approximations, the values of h/D obtained for complex craters are greater than those obtained by Pike (1981) at D > 53 km for highland craters, and at D < 80 km for mare craters. More... »

PAGES

1

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1134980569


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Earth Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0201", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Astronomical and Space Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0403", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Geology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14476.30", 
          "name": [
            "P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Feoktistova", 
        "givenName": "E. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01037340131.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01037340131.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.439081.7", 
          "name": [
            "V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ipatov", 
        "givenName": "S. I.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013145540567.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013145540567.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0038094620050019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131367497", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0038094620050019"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-1035-0_3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052550784", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1035-0_3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00562253", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028741938", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00562253"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-01-29", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-01-29", 
    "description": "We present a study on the relationship between the ratio of the depth of a crater to its diameter and the diameter for lunar craters both on the maria and on the highlands. We consider craters younger than 1.1\u00a0billion years in age, i.e. of Copernican period. The aim of this work is to improve our understanding of such relationships based on our new estimates of the craters\u2019s depth and diameter. Previous studies considered similar relationships for much older craters (up to 3.2\u00a0billion years). We calculated the depths of craters with diameters from 10 to 100\u00a0km based on the altitude profiles derived from data obtained by the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). The obtained ratios h/D of the depths h of the craters to their diameters D can differ by up to a factor of two for craters with almost the same values of diameters. The linear and power approximations (regressions) of the dependence of h/D on D were made for simple and complex Copernican craters selected from the data from Mazrouei et al. (Science 363:253\u2013255, 2019) and Losiak et al. (Lunar Impact Crater Database, 2015). For the separation of highland craters into two groups based only on their dependences of h/D on D, at D\u2009<\u200918\u00a0km these are mostly simple craters, although some complex craters can have diameters D\u2009\u2265\u200916\u00a0km. Depths of mare craters with D\u2009\u2264\u200914\u00a0km are greater than 0.15D. Following Pike\u2019s (Lunar Planet Sci XII:845\u2013847, 1981) classification, we group mare craters of D\u2009<\u200915\u00a0km as simple craters. Mare craters with 15\u2009<\u2009D\u2009<\u200918\u00a0km fit both approximation curves for simple and complex craters. Depths of mare craters with D\u2009>\u200918\u00a0km are in a better agreement with the approximation curve of h/D versus D for complex craters than for simple craters. At the same diameter, mare craters are deeper than highland craters at a diameter smaller than 30\u201340\u00a0km. For greater diameters, highland craters are deeper. The values of h/D for our approximation curves are mainly smaller than the values of the curve by Pike (in: Roddy, Pepin, Merrill (eds) Impact and explosion cratering: planetary and terrestrial implications, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1977) at D\u2009<\u200915\u00a0km. Only for mare craters at D\u2009<\u200911\u00a0km, our approximation curve is a little higher than the curve by Pike (1977). For our power approximations, the values of h/D obtained for complex craters are greater than those obtained by Pike (1981) at D\u2009>\u200953\u00a0km for highland craters, and at D\u2009<\u200980\u00a0km for mare craters.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1026186", 
        "issn": [
          "0167-9295", 
          "1573-0794"
        ], 
        "name": "Earth, Moon, and Planets", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "125"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter", 
      "Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter", 
      "Copernican craters", 
      "highland craters", 
      "simple craters", 
      "complex craters", 
      "mare craters", 
      "depth", 
      "craters", 
      "lunar craters", 
      "Maria", 
      "highlands", 
      "Copernican Period", 
      "new estimates", 
      "crater depth", 
      "similar relationship", 
      "older craters", 
      "depth of crater", 
      "altitude profiles", 
      "laser altimeter", 
      "altimeter", 
      "Orbiter", 
      "depth h", 
      "et al", 
      "lunar maria", 
      "study", 
      "relationship", 
      "ratio", 
      "years", 
      "age", 
      "period", 
      "understanding", 
      "such relationships", 
      "estimates", 
      "previous studies", 
      "profile", 
      "data", 
      "ratio H/D", 
      "diameter D", 
      "same value", 
      "values", 
      "power approximation", 
      "approximation", 
      "dependence", 
      "al", 
      "classification", 
      "approximation curve", 
      "curves", 
      "good agreement", 
      "agreement", 
      "pike", 
      "diameter", 
      "aim", 
      "work", 
      "factors", 
      "linear", 
      "separation", 
      "group", 
      "same diameter", 
      "greatest diameter"
    ], 
    "name": "Depths of Copernican Craters on Lunar Maria and Highlands", 
    "pagination": "1", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1134980569"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1134980569"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:42", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_901.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

147 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      89 URIs      76 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0201
3 anzsrc-for:04
4 anzsrc-for:0403
5 schema:author N75fbee41836344029f28dd2c0d7c369a
6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-1035-0_3
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00562253
8 sg:pub.10.1134/s0038094620050019
9 schema:datePublished 2021-01-29
10 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-01-29
11 schema:description We present a study on the relationship between the ratio of the depth of a crater to its diameter and the diameter for lunar craters both on the maria and on the highlands. We consider craters younger than 1.1 billion years in age, i.e. of Copernican period. The aim of this work is to improve our understanding of such relationships based on our new estimates of the craters’s depth and diameter. Previous studies considered similar relationships for much older craters (up to 3.2 billion years). We calculated the depths of craters with diameters from 10 to 100 km based on the altitude profiles derived from data obtained by the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). The obtained ratios h/D of the depths h of the craters to their diameters D can differ by up to a factor of two for craters with almost the same values of diameters. The linear and power approximations (regressions) of the dependence of h/D on D were made for simple and complex Copernican craters selected from the data from Mazrouei et al. (Science 363:253–255, 2019) and Losiak et al. (Lunar Impact Crater Database, 2015). For the separation of highland craters into two groups based only on their dependences of h/D on D, at D < 18 km these are mostly simple craters, although some complex craters can have diameters D ≥ 16 km. Depths of mare craters with D ≤ 14 km are greater than 0.15D. Following Pike’s (Lunar Planet Sci XII:845–847, 1981) classification, we group mare craters of D < 15 km as simple craters. Mare craters with 15 < D < 18 km fit both approximation curves for simple and complex craters. Depths of mare craters with D > 18 km are in a better agreement with the approximation curve of h/D versus D for complex craters than for simple craters. At the same diameter, mare craters are deeper than highland craters at a diameter smaller than 30–40 km. For greater diameters, highland craters are deeper. The values of h/D for our approximation curves are mainly smaller than the values of the curve by Pike (in: Roddy, Pepin, Merrill (eds) Impact and explosion cratering: planetary and terrestrial implications, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1977) at D < 15 km. Only for mare craters at D < 11 km, our approximation curve is a little higher than the curve by Pike (1977). For our power approximations, the values of h/D obtained for complex craters are greater than those obtained by Pike (1981) at D > 53 km for highland craters, and at D < 80 km for mare craters.
12 schema:genre article
13 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
14 schema:isPartOf N4f0c40741231444dbaa5756f131fa19e
15 Ne563854c24bc44e4ba1c36c6d2bb4c1c
16 sg:journal.1026186
17 schema:keywords Copernican Period
18 Copernican craters
19 Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter
20 Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
21 Maria
22 Orbiter
23 age
24 agreement
25 aim
26 al
27 altimeter
28 altitude profiles
29 approximation
30 approximation curve
31 classification
32 complex craters
33 crater depth
34 craters
35 curves
36 data
37 dependence
38 depth
39 depth h
40 depth of crater
41 diameter
42 diameter D
43 estimates
44 et al
45 factors
46 good agreement
47 greatest diameter
48 group
49 highland craters
50 highlands
51 laser altimeter
52 linear
53 lunar craters
54 lunar maria
55 mare craters
56 new estimates
57 older craters
58 period
59 pike
60 power approximation
61 previous studies
62 profile
63 ratio
64 ratio H/D
65 relationship
66 same diameter
67 same value
68 separation
69 similar relationship
70 simple craters
71 study
72 such relationships
73 understanding
74 values
75 work
76 years
77 schema:name Depths of Copernican Craters on Lunar Maria and Highlands
78 schema:pagination 1
79 schema:productId Nb169903d2bc64693a9437c500a0152be
80 Ne05d4b7ba1b648bd9478acc930b81621
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1134980569
82 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y
83 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:42
84 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
85 schema:sdPublisher N3a6bcefd837a4275b88917f654b469b4
86 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y
87 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
88 sgo:sdDataset articles
89 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
90 N3a6bcefd837a4275b88917f654b469b4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
91 rdf:type schema:Organization
92 N4f0c40741231444dbaa5756f131fa19e schema:issueNumber 1
93 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
94 N75fbee41836344029f28dd2c0d7c369a rdf:first sg:person.01037340131.18
95 rdf:rest N92d23dead6a74b7ab9a4d28743d98900
96 N92d23dead6a74b7ab9a4d28743d98900 rdf:first sg:person.013145540567.59
97 rdf:rest rdf:nil
98 Nb169903d2bc64693a9437c500a0152be schema:name dimensions_id
99 schema:value pub.1134980569
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 Ne05d4b7ba1b648bd9478acc930b81621 schema:name doi
102 schema:value 10.1007/s11038-021-09538-y
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 Ne563854c24bc44e4ba1c36c6d2bb4c1c schema:volumeNumber 125
105 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
106 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
107 schema:name Physical Sciences
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 anzsrc-for:0201 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
110 schema:name Astronomical and Space Sciences
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
113 schema:name Earth Sciences
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 anzsrc-for:0403 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
116 schema:name Geology
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 sg:journal.1026186 schema:issn 0167-9295
119 1573-0794
120 schema:name Earth, Moon, and Planets
121 schema:publisher Springer Nature
122 rdf:type schema:Periodical
123 sg:person.01037340131.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14476.30
124 schema:familyName Feoktistova
125 schema:givenName E. A.
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01037340131.18
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.013145540567.59 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.439081.7
129 schema:familyName Ipatov
130 schema:givenName S. I.
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013145540567.59
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-1035-0_3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052550784
134 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-1035-0_3
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00562253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028741938
137 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00562253
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 sg:pub.10.1134/s0038094620050019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131367497
140 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0038094620050019
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 grid-institutes:grid.14476.30 schema:alternateName P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
143 schema:name P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
144 rdf:type schema:Organization
145 grid-institutes:grid.439081.7 schema:alternateName V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
146 schema:name V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
147 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...