The 2011 Draconids: The First European Airborne Meteor Observation Campaign View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-01-07

AUTHORS

Jeremie Vaubaillon, Pavel Koten, Anastasios Margonis, Juraj Toth, Regina Rudawska, Maria Gritsevich, Joe Zender, Jonathan McAuliffe, Pierre-Dominique Pautet, Peter Jenniskens, Detlef Koschny, Francois Colas, Sylvain Bouley, Lucie Maquet, Arnaud Leroy, Jean Lecacheux, Jiri Borovicka, Junichi Watanabe, Jürgen Oberst

ABSTRACT

On 8 October 2011, the Draconid meteor shower (IAU#8\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\#8$$\end{document}, DRA) was predicted to cause two brief outbursts of meteors, visible from locations in Europe. For the first time, a European airborne meteor observation campaign was organized, supported by ground-based observations. Two aircraft were deployed from Kiruna, Sweden, carrying six scientists, 19 cameras and eight crew members. The flight geometry was chosen such that it was possible to obtain double-station observations of many meteors. The instrument setup on the aircraft as well as on the ground is described in full detail. The main peak from 1900-dust ejecta happened at the predicted time and at the predicted rate. The second peak was observed from the earlier flight and from the ground, and was caused most likely by trails ejected in the nineteenth century. A total of 250 meteors were observed, for which light curve data were derived. The trajectory, velocity, deceleration and orbit of 35 double station meteors were measured. The magnitude distribution index was high, as a result of which there was no excess of meteors near the horizon. The light curve proved to be extremely flat on average, which was unexpected. Observations of spectra allowed us to derive the compositional information of the Draconids meteoroids and showed an early release of sodium, usually interpreted as resulting from fragile meteoroids. Lessons learned from this experience are derived for future airborne meteor shower observation campaigns. More... »

PAGES

137-157

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-05-21. Draconids 2011: Outburst Observations by the Croatian Meteor Network in EARTH, MOON, AND PLANETS
  • 2008-02-07. Activities of Parent Comets and Related Meteor Showers in EARTH, MOON, AND PLANETS
  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
  • 2014-05-25. Spectroscopic Observations of the 2011 Draconids Meteor Shower in EARTH, MOON, AND PLANETS
  • 2013-12-17. Real-Time Flux Density Measurements of the 2011 Draconid Meteor Outburst in EARTH, MOON, AND PLANETS
  • 2007-10-03. TV Meteor Observations from Modra in EARTH, MOON, AND PLANETS
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Earth, Moon, and Planets

    ISSUE

    3-4

    VOLUME

    114

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-014-9455-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11038-014-9455-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020848966


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