In Situ Biological Contamination Studies of the Moon: Implications for Planetary Protection and Life Detection Missions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-12

AUTHORS

Daniel P. Glavin, Jason P. Dworkin, Mark Lupisella, David R. Williams, Gerhard Kminek, John D. Rummel

ABSTRACT

NASA and ESA have outlined visions for solar system exploration that will include a series of lunar robotic precursor missions to prepare for, and support a human return to the Moon, and future human exploration of Mars and other destinations, including possibly asteroids. One of the guiding principles for exploration is to pursue compelling scientific questions about the origin and evolution of life. The search for life on objects such as Mars will require careful operations, and that all systems be sufficiently cleaned and sterilized prior to launch to ensure that the scientific integrity of extraterrestrial samples is not jeopardized by terrestrial organic contamination. Under the Committee on Space Research’s (COSPAR’s) current planetary protection policy for the Moon, no sterilization procedures are required for outbound lunar spacecraft, nor is there a different planetary protection category for human missions, although preliminary COSPAR policy guidelines for human missions to Mars have been developed. Future in situ investigations of a variety of locations on the Moon by highly sensitive instruments designed to search for biologically derived organic compounds would help assess the contamination of the Moon by lunar spacecraft. These studies could also provide valuable “ground truth” data for Mars sample return missions and help define planetary protection requirements for future Mars bound spacecraft carrying life detection experiments. In addition, studies of the impact of terrestrial contamination of the lunar surface by the Apollo astronauts could provide valuable data to help refine future Mars surface exploration plans for a human mission to Mars. More... »

PAGES

87-93

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1972-10. Terrestrial contamination in Apollo lunar samples in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 1973-01. The mammalian response to lunar particulates in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 1970-05. Microbial contamination associated with the Apollo 6 spacecraft during final assembly and testing in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 1975-09. Molecular gas species in the lunar atmosphere in THE MOON
  • 1973-01. Estimating the number of terrestrial organisms on the moon in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11038-010-9361-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11038-010-9361-4

    DIMENSIONS

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