Succession of Chitinolytic Microorganisms in Chernozem Soil View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-09

AUTHORS

N. A. Manucharova, E. V. Belova, A. V. Vorob'ev, L. M. Polyanskaya, A. L. Stepanov

ABSTRACT

The chitinolytic prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbial complex of chernozem soil has been investigated in the course of a succession initiated by the introduction of chitin and humidification. The dynamics of the cell numbers of chitinolytic microorganisms and of their biomass was assessed by fluorescent microscopy and by inoculation of selective media. Emission of carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide, as well as dinitrogen fixation, was assessed by gas chromatography. It was found that, when the succession was initiated by the introduction of both chitin and humidification, it resulted in greater cell numbers and biomass of chitinolytic microorganisms and higher levels of CO2 and N2O emission and of nitrogen fixation than when the succession was initiated by humidification alone. As compared to the control samples, a significant (twofold) increase in the prokaryote cell number and biomass was found on the fourth day of the succession initiated by humidification and introduction of chitin. One week after the initiation of succession, the fungal biomass and length of mycelium were twice as high as those in the control samples. These results led to the conclusion that chitin utilization in chernozem soil starts during the initial stages of succession and is performed by both prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. More... »

PAGES

602-607

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-09. Recognition and degradation of chitin by streptomycetes in ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11021-005-0109-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11021-005-0109-5

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