Determinants of spread in an urban landscape by an introduced lizard View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-03-22

AUTHORS

Jason J. Kolbe, Paul VanMiddlesworth, Andrew C. Battles, James T. Stroud, Bill Buffum, Richard T. T. Forman, Jonathan B. Losos

ABSTRACT

ContextUrban landscapes are a mixture of built structures, human-altered vegetation, and remnant semi-natural areas. The spatial arrangement of abiotic and biotic conditions resulting from urbanization doubtless influences the establishment and spread of non-native species in a city.ObjectivesWe investigated the effects of habitat structure, thermal microclimates, and species coexistence on the spread of a non-native lizard (Anolis cristatellus) in the Miami metropolitan area of South Florida (USA).MethodsWe used transect surveys to estimate lizard occurrence and abundance on trees and to measure vegetation characteristics, and we assessed forest cover and impervious surface using GIS. We sampled lizard body temperatures, habitat use, and relative abundance at multiple sites.ResultsAt least one of five Anolis species occupied 79 % of the 1035 trees surveyed in primarily residential areas, and non-native A. cristatellus occupied 25 % of trees. Presence and abundance of A. cristatellus were strongly associated with forest patches, dense vegetation, and high canopy cover, which produced cooler microclimates suitable for this species. Presence of A. cristatellus was negatively associated with the ecologically similar non-native A. sagrei, resulting in reduced abundance and a shift in perch use of A. cristatellus.ConclusionsThe limited spread of A. cristatellus in Miami over 35 years is due to the patchy, low-density distribution of wooded habitat, which limits dispersal by diffusion. The presence of congeners may also limit spread. Open habitats—some parks, yards and roadsides—contain few if any A. cristatellus, and colonization of isolated forest habitat appears to depend on human-mediated dispersal. More... »

PAGES

1795-1813

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1993-10. Habitat use and ecological interactions of an introduced and a native species of Anolis lizard on Grand Cayman, with a review of the outcomes of anole introductions in OECOLOGIA
  • 2006-06-01. Characterization of Households and its Implications for the Vegetation of Urban Ecosystems in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2015-04-24. Urban heat island mitigation strategies and lizard thermal ecology: landscaping can quadruple potential activity time in an arid city in URBAN ECOSYSTEMS
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  • 2006-05-30. The impact of park trees on microclimate in urban areas in URBAN ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2008-01-01. Assessment and Valuation of the Ecosystem Services Provided by Urban Forests in ECOLOGY, PLANNING, AND MANAGEMENT OF URBAN FORESTS
  • 1980-01. Comparative thermal ecology of two lizards in OECOLOGIA
  • 2009-09-04. Urban heat islands and landscape heterogeneity: linking spatiotemporal variations in surface temperatures to land-cover and socioeconomic patterns in LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY
  • 2009. Alien Reptiles and Amphibians, A Scientific Compendium and Analysis in NONE
  • 2008-09-24. Patterns of bird predation on reptiles in small woodland remnant edges in peri-urban north-western Sydney, Australia in LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY
  • 2013-11-09. Squirrels in suburbia: influence of urbanisation on the occurrence and distribution of a common exotic mammal in URBAN ECOSYSTEMS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10980-016-0362-1

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    26 schema:description ContextUrban landscapes are a mixture of built structures, human-altered vegetation, and remnant semi-natural areas. The spatial arrangement of abiotic and biotic conditions resulting from urbanization doubtless influences the establishment and spread of non-native species in a city.ObjectivesWe investigated the effects of habitat structure, thermal microclimates, and species coexistence on the spread of a non-native lizard (Anolis cristatellus) in the Miami metropolitan area of South Florida (USA).MethodsWe used transect surveys to estimate lizard occurrence and abundance on trees and to measure vegetation characteristics, and we assessed forest cover and impervious surface using GIS. We sampled lizard body temperatures, habitat use, and relative abundance at multiple sites.ResultsAt least one of five Anolis species occupied 79 % of the 1035 trees surveyed in primarily residential areas, and non-native A. cristatellus occupied 25 % of trees. Presence and abundance of A. cristatellus were strongly associated with forest patches, dense vegetation, and high canopy cover, which produced cooler microclimates suitable for this species. Presence of A. cristatellus was negatively associated with the ecologically similar non-native A. sagrei, resulting in reduced abundance and a shift in perch use of A. cristatellus.ConclusionsThe limited spread of A. cristatellus in Miami over 35 years is due to the patchy, low-density distribution of wooded habitat, which limits dispersal by diffusion. The presence of congeners may also limit spread. Open habitats—some parks, yards and roadsides—contain few if any A. cristatellus, and colonization of isolated forest habitat appears to depend on human-mediated dispersal.
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    32 schema:keywords A. cristatellus
    33 Anolis species
    34 Florida
    35 GIS
    36 MethodsWe
    37 Miami
    38 Miami metropolitan area
    39 ObjectivesWe
    40 Park
    41 ResultsAt
    42 South Florida
    43 abundance
    44 area
    45 arrangement
    46 biotic conditions
    47 body temperature
    48 canopy cover
    49 characteristics
    50 city
    51 coexistence
    52 colonization
    53 conditions
    54 congeners
    55 cooler microclimates
    56 cover
    57 dense vegetation
    58 determinants
    59 determinants of spread
    60 diffusion
    61 dispersal
    62 distribution
    63 doubtless
    64 effect
    65 establishment
    66 forest cover
    67 forest habitats
    68 forest patches
    69 habitat structure
    70 habitat use
    71 habitats
    72 high canopy cover
    73 human-mediated dispersal
    74 impervious surfaces
    75 landscape
    76 limited spread
    77 lizard body temperatures
    78 lizard occurrence
    79 lizards
    80 low-density distribution
    81 metropolitan area
    82 microclimate
    83 mixture
    84 multiple sites
    85 non-native lizards
    86 non-native species
    87 occurrence
    88 open habitats
    89 patches
    90 perch use
    91 presence
    92 presence of congeners
    93 reduced abundance
    94 relative abundance
    95 residential areas
    96 semi-natural areas
    97 shift
    98 sites
    99 spatial arrangement
    100 species
    101 spread
    102 structure
    103 surface
    104 survey
    105 temperature
    106 thermal microclimate
    107 transect surveys
    108 trees
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    113 yard
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    115 schema:name Determinants of spread in an urban landscape by an introduced lizard
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