Application of thermal analysis for evaluating the effect of glycerine addition on the digestion of swine manure View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

R. González, R. Smith, D. Blanco, J. Fierro, X. Gómez

ABSTRACT

Co-digestion of swine manure with glycerine was studied by thermal analysis (TA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Co-digestion experiments were performed under batch conditions at different organic loadings by increasing the volumetric percentage of glycerine in the mixture. Batch results were used for evaluating the performance of the process under semi-continuous conditions in an attempt to study the characteristics of the digested material. Batch tests demonstrated a successful digestion at a glycerine volumetric addition of 16% (v/v), whilst failure of the semi-continuous digestion process was reported at 8%. The different operating regimes explained the discrepancy in these outcomes, therefore, indicating that results from batch tests should not be directly extrapolated to estimate continuous performance. The addition of glycerine at high percentage negatively affected the digestion under semi-continuous conditions, resulting in the accumulation of volatile fatty acids and high H2S evolution in biogas. These characteristics were accompanied by a decrease in the conversion of the organic matter as reported from the thermal evaluation of digested samples. TA represents a good indicator of the stabilisation attained when evaluating the fate of complex materials during biological transformations. DSC demonstrated to be a superior tool when evaluating the course of digestion and the quality of the organic material obtained. The failure stage (8% glycerine content) reported a mass change of 25.3 ± 0.5% for the complex materials, which represented an increase of 17% when evaluated against the successful digestion at 4% glycerine content. In this same line, when the enthalpy is considered, these complex materials contribute an increase of 22% in the digested sample of the failure stage. This enthalpy value calculated for the complex materials (temperature region of 370–575 °C) greatly aids in assessing degradation. Therefore, the need of a stabilisation stage for co-digestion systems with a high content of readily degradable material was highly recommended. More... »

PAGES

2277-2286

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-02. Pyrolysis and combustion characteristics of Bio-oil from swine manure in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2017-02. Application of thermal analysis for evaluating the digestion of microwave pre-treated sewage sludge in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2016-02. Co-valorization of Crude Glycerol Waste Streams with Conventional and/or Renewable Fuels for Power Generation and Industrial Symbiosis Perspectives in WASTE AND BIOMASS VALORIZATION
  • 2017-10. Environmental, Technical, and Economic Evaluation of a New Treatment for Wastewater from Slaughterhouses in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • 2016-03. Co-Digestion of Swine Manure and Crude Glycerine: Increasing Glycerine Ratio Results in Preferential Degradation of Labile Compounds in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2011-06. Digestion of cattle manure under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions: characterization of organic matter applying thermal analysis and 1H NMR in BIODEGRADATION
  • 2012-05. Thermal analysis of soil amended with sewage sludge and biochar from sewage sludge pyrolysis in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
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  • 2017-05. Effect of microscale ZVI/magnetite on methane production and bioavailability of heavy metals during anaerobic digestion of diluted pig manure in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2012-12. Value-added uses for crude glycerol--a byproduct of biodiesel production in BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS
  • 2017-08. Anaerobic Co-digestion of the Energy Crop Sida hermaphrodita and Microalgae Biomass for Enhanced Biogas Production in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • 2015-07. Kinetic study of the co-firing of bagasse–sludge blends in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2017-01. Comparative analysis of agricultural materials influenced by anaerobic fermentation for biogas production in terms of ash melting behavior in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2010-07. Anaerobic digestion of solid slaughterhouse waste: study of biological stabilization by Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetry combined with mass spectrometry in BIODEGRADATION
  • 2011-04. Calorimetric studies of solid wastes, sewage sludge, wastewaters and their effects on soil biodegradation processes in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
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