Skin/core crystallinity of injection-molded poly (butylene terephthalate) as revealed by microfocus X-ray diffraction and fast scanning chip calorimetry View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-01

AUTHORS

Alicyn Marie Rhoades, Jason Louis Williams, Nichole Wonderling, René Androsch, Jiaxi Guo

ABSTRACT

The semicrystalline morphology of a poly (butylene terephthalate) was formed under the shear, pressure, and thermal gradients of the injection-molding process, and subsequently studied regarding the crystallinity of the skin layer and the core using fast scanning chip calorimetry (FSC) and microfocus X-ray diffraction. Test bars of 3 mm thickness were molded via a broad tab gate at one end of the part, designed to facilitate a linear flow path and to minimize shearing of the polymer as it passes through the gate. Simulation of the injection-molding process suggests a gradient in the cooling rate through the test part that varies from 50 K s−1 100 µm below the surface to 10 K s−1 in the core, at the temperature of crystallization after the cessation of flow. Analysis of the crystallinity reveals skin and core crystallinities of 35 and 46 %, respectively, near the gate, while there were observed values of 42 and 48 % at the end of fill; XRD data consistently confirmed the crystallinity difference between skin and core, and between the near and far gate positions. The observed cooling-rate-controlled crystallinity values are in excellent agreement with data of the degree and kinetics of quiescent melt-crystallization obtained in a former study. For the first time, the reliability of FSC data obtained during first heating, in order to gain thermal-history/processing-controlled structure information, is demonstrated. More... »

PAGES

939-946

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10973-016-5793-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-016-5793-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019156373


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