Synthesis and thermal kinetic study of phosphoric acid, P, P′-1, 4-phenylene P, P, P′, P′-tetraphenyl ester View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-10

AUTHORS

Guo-Min Yu, Li-Sheng Wang, Jian Sun, Xian-Zhao Shao

ABSTRACT

A phosphorous flame retardant of phosphoric acid, P, P′-1, 4-phenylene P, P, P′, P′-tetraphenyl ester (PAPTE) was synthesized by diphenyl chlorophosphate and hydroquinone. The structural features of PAPTE were investigated with mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance methods. The thermal behavior of PAPTE was carried out with thermogravimetric (TG) analysis instruments. The kinetic parameters, including the activation energy and pre-exponential factor of the decomposition process for the title compound, were calculated through the Friedman method, the Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose method and the Flynn–Wall–Ozawa method, while the thermal decomposition mechanism was also studied with the invariant kinetic parameters (IKP) method based on a set of TG data obtained at different heating rates. It was shown that the activation energies calculated for the decomposition reaction by different methods were found to be consistent with the conversion functions calculated by means of the IKP method which depend on a set of kinetic methods. More... »

PAGES

349-358

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-10. The influence of silicone shell on double-layered microcapsules in intumescent flame-retardant natural rubber composites in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2014-09. Thermal degradation and flame retardancy of rigid polyurethane foams containing a novel intumescent flame retardant in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 1985-05. Isoparametric kinetic relations for chemical transformations in condensed substances (Analytical survey). II. Reactions involving the participation of solid substances in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
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  • 1983-05. A method of finding invariant values of kinetic parameters in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2014-10. Synergistic effect of methyl phenyl silicone resin and DOPO on the flame retardancy of epoxy resins in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2014-07. Novel high phosphorus content phosphaphenanthrene-based efficient flame retardant additives for lithium-ion battery in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2013-12. Thermal stability of phosphorus-containing styrene–acrylic copolymer and its fire retardant performance in waterborne intumescent coatings in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2014-02. A novel flame retardant containing phosphorus, nitrogen, and sulfur in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2013-10. Synergistic effects between silicon-containing flame retardant and potassium-4-(phenylsulfonyl)benzenesulfonate (KSS) on flame retardancy and thermal degradation of PC in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
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