Studies on azotetrazolate based high nitrogen content high energy material spotential additives for rocket propellants View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

R. Sivabalan, M. B. Talawar, N. Senthilkumar, B. Kavitha, S. N. Asthana

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the synthesis, characterisation and thermolysis studies of a series of azotetrazolate salts, viz., ammonium/guanidinium/triaminoguanidinium [azotetrazolate]. TG-DTA and DSC results of these compounds exhibited their thermal stability up to 180°C. DSC indicated the highest heat release (2804 J g-1) for guanidinium azotetrazolate salt during exothermic decomposition. FTIR of the decomposition products of azotetrazolate salts showed bands at 3264 and 2358 cm-1 which may be attributed to gaseous species such as NH3 and HCN or NH2CN. The sensitivity data suggests low vulnerability of ammonium and guanidinium salts. In cyclic voltammetric studies all the salts showed similar response in reduction reactions. Triamino guanidinium azotetrazolate (TAGAZ) was incorporated into solid propellant formulations in order to establish the compatibility of this class of compounds. DSC results revealed that it does not have adverse effect on thermal stability of double base matrix. The burning rate data obtained indicated that TAGAZ acts as an efficient energetic additive in composite modified double base (CMDB) propellant formulations in high-pressure region. More... »

PAGES

781-792

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-01. Spectroscopic and Thermal Studies on 2,4,6-trinitro Toluene (TNT) in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 2003-09. Studies on CL-20: The most powerful high energy material in JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY
  • 1984-07. The junction growth equation and its application to explosive crystals in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS
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    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-004-0446-z

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