Adsorption of metal cations from aqueous solutions onto the pH responsive poly(vinylidene fluoride grafted poly(acrylic acid) (PVDF-PAA) membrane View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-01

AUTHORS

Jouni Karppi, Satu Åkerman, Kari Åkerman, Annika Sundell, Ilkka Penttilä

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the influence of pH of adsorption medium and co-adsorptive metal cations for the adsorption of potassium (K+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions onto poly (vinylidene fluoride) grafted poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-PVDF) membrane. At pH 4.8, the adsorption of potassium and magnesium was minimal, because of nearly non-dissociated carboxylic acid groups of PAA-chains, but adsorption increased with increasing ion concentration. The interaction of the studied cations between PVDF-PAA membranes increased considerably at pH 7.0 the dissociation of carboxylic acid groups of PAA. The addition of ionic substances (calcium (Ca2+) and sodium (Na+) to the adsorption medium reduced the adsorption of potassium and magnesium onto the membrane, because of co-adsorption. Divalent calcium reduced more effectively than univalent sodium the adsorption of potassium and magnesium onto the membrane. In conclusion, co-adsorbing ions reduced the adsorbed amount of potassium and magnesium ions due to binding competition. The percentual adsorbed values suggest that adsorption affinity of studied ions onto the PVDF-PAA membrane followed the order Na+ < K+ < Mg2+ < Ca2+. The effect of metal cations on drug adsorption from biological fluids needs research in the future, because e.g. PVDF-PAA membrane has been used in drug separation processes. More... »

PAGES

71

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10965-009-9291-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10965-009-9291-x

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