Prediction of ground motion in the Osaka sedimentary basin associated with the hypothetical Nankai earthquake View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-04

AUTHORS

Haruko Sekiguchi, Masayuki Yoshimi, Haruo Horikawa, Kunikazu Yoshida, Sunao Kunimatsu, Kenji Satake

ABSTRACT

We studied the long-period ground motions in the Osaka sedimentary basin, Japan, which contains a 1- to 3-km thickness of sediments and is the site of many buildings or construction structures with long-natural period. We simulated the broadband ground motions likely to be produced by the hypothetical Nankai earthquake: the earthquake expected to give rise to the most severe long-period ground motion within the basin. For the simulation, we constructed multiscale heterogeneous source models based on the Central Disaster Management Council of Japan (CDMC) source model and adopted a hybrid computation method in which long-period motion and short-period motion are computed using a 3-D finite difference method and the stochastic Green’s function method, respectively. In computing long-period motions, we used a 3-D structure model of the crust and the Osaka sedimentary basin. The ground motions are estimated to have peak velocities of 50–90 cm/s, prolonged durations exceeding 300 s, and long predominant periods of 5–10 s in the area with great thickness of sediments. The predominant periods are in agreement with an approximate evaluation by 4 H/Vs where H and Vs are the thickness of the sediment and the average S wave velocity, respectively. More... »

PAGES

185-195

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Seismology

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

12

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10950-007-9077-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10950-007-9077-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025681811


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