A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of the Impact of Public Assistance on Prisoner Recidivism View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-12

AUTHORS

Jeremy Luallen, Jared Edgerton, Deirdre Rabideau

ABSTRACT

Introduction The Welfare Act of 1996 banned welfare and food stamp eligibility for felony drug offenders and gave states the ability to modify their use of the law. Today, many states are revisiting their use of this ban, searching for ways to decrease the size of their prison populations; however, there are no empirical assessments of how this ban has affected prison populations and recidivism among drug offenders. Moreover, there are no causal investigations whatsoever to demonstrate whether welfare or food stamp benefits impact recidivism at all.ObjectiveThis paper provides the first empirical examination of the causal relationship between recidivism and welfare and food stamp benefitsMethodsUsing a survival-based estimation, we estimated the impact of benefits on the recidivism of drug-offending populations using data from the National Corrections Reporting Program. We modeled this impact using a difference-in-difference estimator within a regression discontinuity framework.ResultsResults of this analysis are conclusive; we find no evidence that drug offending populations as a group were adversely or positively impacted by the ban overall. Results apply to both male and female populations and are robust to several sensitivity tests. Results also suggest the possibility that impacts significantly vary over time-at-risk, despite a zero net effect.ConclusionOverall, we show that the initial passage of the drug felony ban had no measurable large-scale impacts on recidivism among male or female drug offenders. We conclude that the state initiatives to remove or modify the ban, regardless of whether they improve lives of individual offenders, will likely have no appreciable impact on prison systems. More... »

PAGES

741-773

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003. Survival Analysis, Techniques for Censored and Truncated Data in NONE
  • 1995-09. Criminality of place in EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH
  • 2006-02-27. Instrumental variables methods in experimental criminological research: what, why and how in JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CRIMINOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085399814


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/16", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Studies in Human Society", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Criminology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417585.a", 
              "name": [
                "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Luallen", 
            "givenName": "Jeremy", 
            "id": "sg:person.01213105164.73", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213105164.73"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417585.a", 
              "name": [
                "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Edgerton", 
            "givenName": "Jared", 
            "id": "sg:person.011560361757.52", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011560361757.52"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417585.a", 
              "name": [
                "Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rabideau", 
            "givenName": "Deirdre", 
            "id": "sg:person.012355742357.08", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012355742357.08"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/b97377", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013400699", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/b97377"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02242925", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011661094", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02242925"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11292-005-5126-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020126537", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-005-5126-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2017-05-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2017-05-12", 
        "description": "Introduction\nThe Welfare Act of 1996 banned welfare and food stamp eligibility for felony drug offenders and gave states the ability to modify their use of the law. Today, many states are revisiting their use of this ban, searching for ways to decrease the size of their prison populations; however, there are no empirical assessments of how this ban has affected prison populations and recidivism among drug offenders. Moreover, there are no causal investigations whatsoever to demonstrate whether welfare or food stamp benefits impact recidivism at all.ObjectiveThis paper provides the first empirical examination of the causal relationship between recidivism and welfare and food stamp benefitsMethodsUsing a survival-based estimation, we estimated the impact of benefits on the recidivism of drug-offending populations using data from the National Corrections Reporting Program. We modeled this impact using a difference-in-difference estimator within a regression discontinuity framework.ResultsResults of this analysis are conclusive; we find no evidence that drug offending populations as a group were adversely or positively impacted by the ban overall. Results apply to both male and female populations and are robust to several sensitivity tests. Results also suggest the possibility that impacts significantly vary over time-at-risk, despite a zero net effect.ConclusionOverall, we show that the initial passage of the drug felony ban had no measurable large-scale impacts on recidivism among male or female drug offenders. We conclude that the state initiatives to remove or modify the ban, regardless of whether they improve lives of individual offenders, will likely have no appreciable impact on prison systems.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.7602701", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1041809", 
            "issn": [
              "0748-4518", 
              "1573-7799"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Quantitative Criminology", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "34"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "drug offenders", 
          "prison population", 
          "National Corrections Reporting Program", 
          "food stamp eligibility", 
          "female drug offenders", 
          "felony drug offenders", 
          "impact of benefits", 
          "regression discontinuity framework", 
          "individual offenders", 
          "public assistance", 
          "prison system", 
          "prisoner recidivism", 
          "Welfare Act", 
          "state initiatives", 
          "first empirical examination", 
          "food stamps", 
          "offenders", 
          "recidivism", 
          "welfare", 
          "empirical assessment", 
          "quasi-experimental evaluation", 
          "empirical examination", 
          "ban", 
          "difference estimator", 
          "appreciable impact", 
          "Reporting Program", 
          "initiatives", 
          "large-scale impact", 
          "impact", 
          "causal investigation", 
          "assistance", 
          "state", 
          "acts", 
          "causal relationship", 
          "law", 
          "today", 
          "framework", 
          "way", 
          "life", 
          "net effect", 
          "female population", 
          "population", 
          "program", 
          "relationship", 
          "eligibility", 
          "introduction", 
          "benefits", 
          "stamp", 
          "paper", 
          "possibility", 
          "ResultsResults", 
          "evidence", 
          "use", 
          "analysis", 
          "group", 
          "passage", 
          "risk", 
          "assessment", 
          "data", 
          "differences", 
          "initial passage", 
          "examination", 
          "system", 
          "time", 
          "ability", 
          "results", 
          "evaluation", 
          "investigation", 
          "effect", 
          "ConclusionOverall", 
          "size", 
          "sensitivity tests", 
          "drugs", 
          "test", 
          "estimation", 
          "estimator", 
          "stamp eligibility", 
          "food stamp benefits impact recidivism", 
          "stamp benefits impact recidivism", 
          "benefits impact recidivism", 
          "impact recidivism", 
          "survival-based estimation", 
          "drug-offending populations", 
          "Corrections Reporting Program", 
          "discontinuity framework", 
          "drug felony ban", 
          "felony ban", 
          "measurable large-scale impacts"
        ], 
        "name": "A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of the Impact of Public Assistance on Prisoner Recidivism", 
        "pagination": "741-773", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1085399814"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085399814"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:39", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_753.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    174 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      116 URIs      105 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x schema:about anzsrc-for:16
    2 anzsrc-for:1602
    3 schema:author Ncb529bf784e34d0593795d102db0613f
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/b97377
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02242925
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11292-005-5126-x
    7 schema:datePublished 2017-05-12
    8 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-05-12
    9 schema:description Introduction The Welfare Act of 1996 banned welfare and food stamp eligibility for felony drug offenders and gave states the ability to modify their use of the law. Today, many states are revisiting their use of this ban, searching for ways to decrease the size of their prison populations; however, there are no empirical assessments of how this ban has affected prison populations and recidivism among drug offenders. Moreover, there are no causal investigations whatsoever to demonstrate whether welfare or food stamp benefits impact recidivism at all.ObjectiveThis paper provides the first empirical examination of the causal relationship between recidivism and welfare and food stamp benefitsMethodsUsing a survival-based estimation, we estimated the impact of benefits on the recidivism of drug-offending populations using data from the National Corrections Reporting Program. We modeled this impact using a difference-in-difference estimator within a regression discontinuity framework.ResultsResults of this analysis are conclusive; we find no evidence that drug offending populations as a group were adversely or positively impacted by the ban overall. Results apply to both male and female populations and are robust to several sensitivity tests. Results also suggest the possibility that impacts significantly vary over time-at-risk, despite a zero net effect.ConclusionOverall, we show that the initial passage of the drug felony ban had no measurable large-scale impacts on recidivism among male or female drug offenders. We conclude that the state initiatives to remove or modify the ban, regardless of whether they improve lives of individual offenders, will likely have no appreciable impact on prison systems.
    10 schema:genre article
    11 schema:inLanguage en
    12 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    13 schema:isPartOf N392b24bbbd4b47f48db17307dc6132b8
    14 N447ec48da91143ca995415800b86e4c7
    15 sg:journal.1041809
    16 schema:keywords ConclusionOverall
    17 Corrections Reporting Program
    18 National Corrections Reporting Program
    19 Reporting Program
    20 ResultsResults
    21 Welfare Act
    22 ability
    23 acts
    24 analysis
    25 appreciable impact
    26 assessment
    27 assistance
    28 ban
    29 benefits
    30 benefits impact recidivism
    31 causal investigation
    32 causal relationship
    33 data
    34 difference estimator
    35 differences
    36 discontinuity framework
    37 drug felony ban
    38 drug offenders
    39 drug-offending populations
    40 drugs
    41 effect
    42 eligibility
    43 empirical assessment
    44 empirical examination
    45 estimation
    46 estimator
    47 evaluation
    48 evidence
    49 examination
    50 felony ban
    51 felony drug offenders
    52 female drug offenders
    53 female population
    54 first empirical examination
    55 food stamp benefits impact recidivism
    56 food stamp eligibility
    57 food stamps
    58 framework
    59 group
    60 impact
    61 impact of benefits
    62 impact recidivism
    63 individual offenders
    64 initial passage
    65 initiatives
    66 introduction
    67 investigation
    68 large-scale impact
    69 law
    70 life
    71 measurable large-scale impacts
    72 net effect
    73 offenders
    74 paper
    75 passage
    76 population
    77 possibility
    78 prison population
    79 prison system
    80 prisoner recidivism
    81 program
    82 public assistance
    83 quasi-experimental evaluation
    84 recidivism
    85 regression discontinuity framework
    86 relationship
    87 results
    88 risk
    89 sensitivity tests
    90 size
    91 stamp
    92 stamp benefits impact recidivism
    93 stamp eligibility
    94 state
    95 state initiatives
    96 survival-based estimation
    97 system
    98 test
    99 time
    100 today
    101 use
    102 way
    103 welfare
    104 schema:name A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of the Impact of Public Assistance on Prisoner Recidivism
    105 schema:pagination 741-773
    106 schema:productId N90d36f514708467c9f728b16c3109028
    107 Nca93cf67f30f4d2aa0f7566f0bf0b981
    108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085399814
    109 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x
    110 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:39
    111 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    112 schema:sdPublisher N161ad7239c9b4a5fb2057e0e8fdebc09
    113 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x
    114 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    115 sgo:sdDataset articles
    116 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    117 N161ad7239c9b4a5fb2057e0e8fdebc09 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    118 rdf:type schema:Organization
    119 N392b24bbbd4b47f48db17307dc6132b8 schema:volumeNumber 34
    120 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    121 N447ec48da91143ca995415800b86e4c7 schema:issueNumber 3
    122 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    123 N4c28bec0075e4962bce24ad8e59eda72 rdf:first sg:person.012355742357.08
    124 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    125 N90d36f514708467c9f728b16c3109028 schema:name dimensions_id
    126 schema:value pub.1085399814
    127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    128 Nc7b564c426bb406fa640ce5c685c1d81 rdf:first sg:person.011560361757.52
    129 rdf:rest N4c28bec0075e4962bce24ad8e59eda72
    130 Nca93cf67f30f4d2aa0f7566f0bf0b981 schema:name doi
    131 schema:value 10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x
    132 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    133 Ncb529bf784e34d0593795d102db0613f rdf:first sg:person.01213105164.73
    134 rdf:rest Nc7b564c426bb406fa640ce5c685c1d81
    135 anzsrc-for:16 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    136 schema:name Studies in Human Society
    137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    138 anzsrc-for:1602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    139 schema:name Criminology
    140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    141 sg:grant.7602701 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10940-017-9353-x
    142 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    143 sg:journal.1041809 schema:issn 0748-4518
    144 1573-7799
    145 schema:name Journal of Quantitative Criminology
    146 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    147 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    148 sg:person.011560361757.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417585.a
    149 schema:familyName Edgerton
    150 schema:givenName Jared
    151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011560361757.52
    152 rdf:type schema:Person
    153 sg:person.01213105164.73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417585.a
    154 schema:familyName Luallen
    155 schema:givenName Jeremy
    156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01213105164.73
    157 rdf:type schema:Person
    158 sg:person.012355742357.08 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417585.a
    159 schema:familyName Rabideau
    160 schema:givenName Deirdre
    161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012355742357.08
    162 rdf:type schema:Person
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/b97377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013400699
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/b97377
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02242925 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011661094
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02242925
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/s11292-005-5126-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020126537
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-005-5126-x
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 grid-institutes:grid.417585.a schema:alternateName Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA
    173 schema:name Abt Associates, 55 Wheeler St., 02451, Cambridge, MA, USA
    174 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...