Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: I. An introduction to the project View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-07

AUTHORS

Andrew S. Cohen, Manuel R. Palacios-Fest, James McGill, Peter W. Swarzenski, Dirk Verschuren, Robert Sinyinza, Tharcisse Songori, Bombi Kakagozo, Mutanga Syampila, Catherine M. O’Reilly, Simone R. Alin

ABSTRACT

We investigated paleolimnological records from a series of river deltas around the northeastern rim of Lake Tanganyika, East Africa (Tanzania and Burundi) in order to understand the history of anthropogenic activity in the lake’s catchment over the last several centuries, and to determine the impact of these activities on the biodiversity of littoral and sublittoral lake communities. Sediment pollution caused by increased rates of soil erosion in deforested watersheds has caused significant changes in aquatic communities along much of the lake’s shoreline. We analyzed the effects of sediment discharge on biodiversity around six deltas or delta complexes on the east coast of Lake Tanganyika: the Lubulungu River delta, Kabesi River delta, Nyasanga/Kahama River deltas, and Mwamgongo River delta in Tanzania; and the Nyamuseni River delta and Karonge/Kirasa River deltas in Burundi. Collectively, these deltas and their associated rivers were chosen to represent a spectrum of drainage-basin sizes and disturbance levels. By comparing deltas that are similar in watershed attributes (other than disturbance levels), our goal was to explore a series of historical “experiments” at the watershed scale, with which we could more clearly evaluate hypotheses of land use or other effects on nearshore ecosystems. Here we discuss these deltas, their geologic and physiographic characteristics, and the field procedures used for coring and sampling the deltas, and various indicators of anthropogenic impact. More... »

PAGES

1-18

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: III. Physical stratigraphy and charcoal analysis in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 1988-12. Littoral and offshore communities of diatoms, cladocerans and dipterous larvae, and their interpretation in paleolimnology in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic change in Lake Tanganyika: VIII. Hydrological evaluation of two contrasting watersheds of the Lake Tanganyika catchment in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: IX. Summary of paleorecords of environmental change and catchment deforestation at Lake Tanganyika and impacts on the Lake Tanganyika ecosystem in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: VI. Geochemical indicators in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 1989-11. Water-level fluctuations of Lake Tanganyika in phase with oceanic changes during the last glaciation and deglaciation in NATURE
  • 2003-05. Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. 2. Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini) in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: V. Palynological evidence for deforestation and increased erosion in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2003-07. Land use, sediment loads and dispersal pathways from two catchments at the southern end of Lake Tanganyika, Africa: implications for lake management in ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
  • 1999-10. Ostracode stratigraphy and paleoecology from surficial sediments of Lake Tanganyika, Africa in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2003-01. Subfossil Chironomidae from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa 1. Tanypodinae and Orthocladiinae in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: VII. Carbonate isotope geochemistry as a record of riverine runoff in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: II. Geochronologies and mass sedimentation rates based on 14C and 210Pb data in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 2005-07. Paleolimnological investigations of anthropogenic environmental change in Lake Tanganyika: IV. Lacustrine paleoecology in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10933-005-2392-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10933-005-2392-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018319358


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