Employment Support Needs of People with Schizophrenia: A Scoping Study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Viviana R. Carmona, Juana Gómez-Benito, J. Emilio Rojo-Rodes

ABSTRACT

Purpose People with schizophrenia continue to encounter barriers to employment acquisition. The aim of this scoping study was to identify and synthesize existent evidence about the employment support needs of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods Five relevant databases were used: CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, and Web of Science. Additional material of potential interest was identified through the references of the retrieved articles. A manual search for publications from the 3 months immediately prior to the electronic search was carried out in specialized journals. Searches covered the period between 1945 and August 30, 2017 without language restrictions. Two approaches were used to display the data: descriptive analysis and thematic analysis. Results Twelve articles met the inclusion criteria, most of which discussed experiences of participation in individual placement and support programmes. Thematic analysis identified four support needs: developing skills, vocational intervention, support and encouragement, and a supportive work environment. Conclusions There is a paucity of literature examining and evaluating employment support needs from the perspectives of people with schizophrenia. Future research must look beyond individual factors affecting employment outcomes to consider societal attitudes, stigma and work-related legislation. More... »

PAGES

1-10

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-09. Does Employment Promote Recovery? Meanings from Work Experience in People Diagnosed with Serious Mental Illness in CULTURE, MEDICINE, AND PSYCHIATRY
  • 2008-06. Psychosis and the Experience of Employment in JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION
  • 2015-03. Workplace Accommodations for People with Mental Illness: A Scoping Review in JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL REHABILITATION
  • 2014-01. Making the Case for IPS Supported Employment in ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY IN MENTAL HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
  • 2009-05. Clinicians’ attitudes to the employment of people with psychosis in SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 2007-09. A cross-cultural study of employers’ concerns about hiring people with psychotic disorder: implications for recovery in SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 2013-06. Competencies of More and Less Successful Employment Specialists in COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH JOURNAL
  • 2010-12. Scoping studies: advancing the methodology in IMPLEMENTATION SCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10926-018-9771-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10926-018-9771-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29680909


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    52 schema:description Purpose People with schizophrenia continue to encounter barriers to employment acquisition. The aim of this scoping study was to identify and synthesize existent evidence about the employment support needs of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods Five relevant databases were used: CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, and Web of Science. Additional material of potential interest was identified through the references of the retrieved articles. A manual search for publications from the 3 months immediately prior to the electronic search was carried out in specialized journals. Searches covered the period between 1945 and August 30, 2017 without language restrictions. Two approaches were used to display the data: descriptive analysis and thematic analysis. Results Twelve articles met the inclusion criteria, most of which discussed experiences of participation in individual placement and support programmes. Thematic analysis identified four support needs: developing skills, vocational intervention, support and encouragement, and a supportive work environment. Conclusions There is a paucity of literature examining and evaluating employment support needs from the perspectives of people with schizophrenia. Future research must look beyond individual factors affecting employment outcomes to consider societal attitudes, stigma and work-related legislation.
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