Cryptoprocta spelea (Carnivora: Eupleridae): What Did It Eat and How Do We Know? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-27

AUTHORS

Lindsay Renee Meador, Laurie Rohde Godfrey, Jean Claude Rakotondramavo, Lovasoa Ranivoharimanana, Andrew Zamora, Michael Reed Sutherland, Mitchell T. Irwin

ABSTRACT

The extent to which Madagascar’s Holocene extinct lemurs fell victim to nonhuman predators is poorly understood. Madagascar’s Holocene predator guild included several now-extinct species, i.e., crocodiles, carnivorans, and raptors. Here we focus on mammalian carnivory, specifically the roles of Cryptoprocta spelea and its still-extant but smaller-bodied sister taxon, C. ferox, the fosa. Cryptoprocta spelea was the largest carnivoran on Madagascar during the Quaternary. We ask whether some extinct lemurs exceeded the upper prey-size limits of C. spelea. We use univariate and multivariate phylogenetic generalized least squares regression models to re-evaluate the likely body mass of C. spelea. Next, we compare characteristics of the forelimb bones of C. ferox and C. spelea to those of other stealth predators specializing on small, mixed, and large-bodied prey. Finally, we examine humeri, femora, crania, and mandibles of extinct lemurs from six sites in four ecoregions of Madagascar to identify damage likely made by predators. We test the relative prevalence of carnivory by mammals, raptors, and crocodiles at different sites and ecoregions. Our data reveal that crocodiles, raptors, and the largest of Madagascar’s mammalian predators, C. spelea, all preyed on large lemurs. Cryptoprocta opportunistically consumed lemurs weighing up to ~85 kg. Its forelimb anatomy would have facilitated predation on large-bodied prey. Social hunting may have also enhanced the ability of C. spelea to capture large, arboreal primates. Cryptoprocta carnivory is well represented at cave and riverine sites and less prevalent at lake and marsh sites, where crocodylian predation dominates. More... »

PAGES

1-15

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10914-017-9391-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10914-017-9391-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085609835


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