Happiness Decomposition: Female Optimism View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-04

AUTHORS

María Laura Arrosa, Néstor Gandelman

ABSTRACT

Using the Gallup World Poll, the World Values Survey and the European Social Survey we present evidence of differences in happiness by gender. Although worldwide women are happier than men, at the country level the happiness gap favors females in some cases and males in others. We decompose the happiness gap between observable characteristics and how male and females react to these characteristics. We find that the observables do not help to explain the gap, quite the contrary, they hide an unfavorable situation of women. That is to say, if females had the same objective individual characteristics than men, they would be even happier that what they currently are. We conclude that females tend to respond to individual happiness determinants in a much “favorable” way than men do. Our results are pervasive among geographic regions and country income groups. We also find a correlation between the observed and unobserved component of the happiness decomposition with gdp per capita, female life expectation and female literacy rate. More... »

PAGES

731-756

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-09. Sticky floors and glass ceilings in Latin America in THE JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
  • 2015-04. Are Women Happier than Men? Evidence from the Gallup World Poll in JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES
  • 2011-09. Education as a Positional Good: A Life Satisfaction Approach in SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
  • 2011-10. Educational institutions and the integration of migrants in JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
  • 2013-09. How Does Subjective Well-Being Evolve with Age? A Literature Review in JOURNAL OF POPULATION AGEING
  • 2012-08. Does Education Affect Happiness? Evidence for Spain in SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
  • 1993-07. Marital status and subjective well-being: A changing relationship? in SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
  • 2013-03. Quality of Life Satisfaction among Workers and Non-Workers in Uruguay in SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
  • 2002-11. Well-being in Australia in SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 2011-02. Inequalities in the use of health services between immigrants and the native population in Spain: what is driving the differences? in THE EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS
  • 1995-11. Does marriage matter? in DEMOGRAPHY
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10902-015-9618-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10902-015-9618-8

    DIMENSIONS

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